SUMMARY First interviews of 56 therapists were submitted to objective tape ratings of therapist offered conditions of Empathy, Positive Regard, Genuineness and Concreteness. These ratings served as the bases for dividing these therapists into high and low functioning groups. Additional ratings of patient type, and type and frequency of confrontation were obtained. In-patient, out-patient designated the type of patient. Although patient type did not interact significantly with the other major variables, it was found that frequency and type of confrontation differentiated between high and low therapists. REFERENCES 1. ALEXIK,MAEand CARKHUFF, R. The effects of the experimental manipulation of client selfR. exploration upon high- and low-functioning therapists. J . elm. Psychol., 1967,23, 21b212. 2. BERENSON, G. and CARKHUFF, R. Sources of Gain in Counseling and Psychotherapy. New B. R. York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967. 3. CARKHUFF, R. and BERENSON, G. Bey& Counseling and Psychotherapy. New York: Holt, R. B. Rinehart and Winston, 1967. 4. DOUDS, In search of an honest experience: Confrontation in counseling and life. In Carkhuff, J. R. R. and Berenson, B. G. Beyond Counaeliw and Psychotherapy. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967. 5. HOLDER, CARKHUFF, R. and BERENSON, G. DiBlerential effects of the manipulation
Journal of Clinical Psychology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 1968
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