The Year's Work in Tolkien Studies 2013 paragraphs of the chapter cite Tolkien's Ainulindäle and "Mythopoeia" to buttress Hart's support of this theory of the need for humans to create. Chapter 9 focuses on Christianity's relationship to the literary genre of tragedy. Theologians and literary critics have generally found them incompatible, a position Hart discusses extensively. He then turns to Tolkien's concept of eucatastrophe as a reconciliation of the two. An extended comparison between "On Fairy- stories" and Iris Murdoch's Gifford lectures leads Hart to conclude that while their claims about the way art can offer "consolation" share a common focus, the two theorists diverge strongly by the end. Tolkien's belief is that literature can present a eucatastrophe that conveys a deep imaginative and moral truth about the world, while Murdoch believes that art's impact can only be artificial and illusory. Hart's interest in the connections between theology and imaginative literature does not extend to considering the body of scholarship by Tolkienists who have done significant work on the religious and theological themes and issues in Tolkien's work, such as Patrick Curry, Joseph Pearce, and Ralph Wood, none of whom is cited. Source and Comparative Studies [Edith L.
Tolkien Studies – West Virginia University Press
Published: Dec 14, 2016