Chapter 8 Was It an Embarrassment of Rewards?: Possible Relationships between Religious Devotion among Participants in the Second Crusade, 1145–1149, and Their Losses in the Field

Chapter 8 Was It an Embarrassment of Rewards?: Possible Relationships between Religious Devotion... Chapter 8 Was It an Embarrassment of Rewards? Possible Relationships between Religious Devotion among Participants in the Second Crusade, 1145­1149, and Their Losses in the Field Jilana Ordman Benedictine University According to the chroniclers who recorded the events of the Second Crusade (1145­1149) and the bulls, letters, and sermons of its organizers, this expedition was conceived with the goal of replicating the First Crusade of 1095­1099. But these were very different undertakings with very different outcomes.1 Unlike the 1095 expedition, that of 1145 initially focused on the East but expanded during recruitment to include additional missions to Iberia and the Baltic.2 While the 1095 crusade had achieved a dramatic victory in the East, only the 1147 Siege of Lisbon, part of the Iberian mission undertaken to aid Alfonso VII of Castile and Leon (1105­1157), was entirely successful. Military efforts in the Baltic resulted in slight territorial gains, while those undertaken in the East failed entirely. This article examines two elements shared by the First and Second Crusades: the rewards for service offered to participants, and the expressions of religious devotion among them during their recruitment and in the field. Spiritual rewards in the form of papal grants of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Essays in Medieval Studies West Virginia University Press

Chapter 8 Was It an Embarrassment of Rewards?: Possible Relationships between Religious Devotion among Participants in the Second Crusade, 1145–1149, and Their Losses in the Field

Essays in Medieval Studies, Volume 30 (1) – Aug 5, 2014

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Publisher
West Virginia University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Illinois Medieval Association.
ISSN
1538-4608
Publisher site
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Abstract

Chapter 8 Was It an Embarrassment of Rewards? Possible Relationships between Religious Devotion among Participants in the Second Crusade, 1145­1149, and Their Losses in the Field Jilana Ordman Benedictine University According to the chroniclers who recorded the events of the Second Crusade (1145­1149) and the bulls, letters, and sermons of its organizers, this expedition was conceived with the goal of replicating the First Crusade of 1095­1099. But these were very different undertakings with very different outcomes.1 Unlike the 1095 expedition, that of 1145 initially focused on the East but expanded during recruitment to include additional missions to Iberia and the Baltic.2 While the 1095 crusade had achieved a dramatic victory in the East, only the 1147 Siege of Lisbon, part of the Iberian mission undertaken to aid Alfonso VII of Castile and Leon (1105­1157), was entirely successful. Military efforts in the Baltic resulted in slight territorial gains, while those undertaken in the East failed entirely. This article examines two elements shared by the First and Second Crusades: the rewards for service offered to participants, and the expressions of religious devotion among them during their recruitment and in the field. Spiritual rewards in the form of papal grants of

Journal

Essays in Medieval StudiesWest Virginia University Press

Published: Aug 5, 2014

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