Chapter 8 Was It an Embarrassment of Rewards? Possible Relationships between Religious Devotion among Participants in the Second Crusade, 11451149, and Their Losses in the Field Jilana Ordman Benedictine University According to the chroniclers who recorded the events of the Second Crusade (11451149) and the bulls, letters, and sermons of its organizers, this expedition was conceived with the goal of replicating the First Crusade of 10951099. But these were very different undertakings with very different outcomes.1 Unlike the 1095 expedition, that of 1145 initially focused on the East but expanded during recruitment to include additional missions to Iberia and the Baltic.2 While the 1095 crusade had achieved a dramatic victory in the East, only the 1147 Siege of Lisbon, part of the Iberian mission undertaken to aid Alfonso VII of Castile and Leon (11051157), was entirely successful. Military efforts in the Baltic resulted in slight territorial gains, while those undertaken in the East failed entirely. This article examines two elements shared by the First and Second Crusades: the rewards for service offered to participants, and the expressions of religious devotion among them during their recruitment and in the field. Spiritual rewards in the form of papal grants of
Essays in Medieval Studies – West Virginia University Press
Published: Aug 5, 2014
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