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Mental Hygiene and Mental Health

Mental Hygiene and Mental Health View Point Dr. Kali Kinkar Chakraborty Director, Advanced Neuropsychiatry Institute, Kolkata Modern world is facing a crisis of existence including Psychiatry” rather than Immunological Psychiatry. those of global warming, ecological imbalance, Mental Hygiene which is a pre-requisite for the weather changes, ideological intolerance, pure activation of Prana can help the youth to check water crisis, threat of nuclear war, psychological corrosive emotions like fear, anger, anxiety and crisis and many more. Never have harder blows hit passion and to conserve inner vitality, so essential us than at the present time, never was competition for better performance in all fields of life. keener, never were men so cruel to their fellow Love, affection, selflessness, tolerance, good men as now. But more is yet to come in near future. behaviour, cultivation of good thoughts, positive We are undergoing the economic crash holocaust, thinking, lack of jealousy and ego, sympathy for persecution and disillusionment. The arrogance of others, attitude of helping a neighbour, feeling of a growing adult youth does not understand and universal brotherhood are some of the factors that respect age-old wisdom and factors like selfishness, can improve our Mental Hygiene, thereby leading nuclear family, loneliness, mechanical living, lack to good Mental Health. of trust, obedience and affection along with job insecurity are being added up everyday. Mental Hygiene includes all measures taken to promote and preserve Mental Health. There are six The ultimate result has been very serious. This has techniques which are recommended for taking care affected the mental state of human being who has to of Mental Health, so as to keep our mind ready to live with it. Mental as well as degenerative illness tackle challenges anytime. They are as follows : have gripped a substantial portion of the world population. One third of the population in America, 1) Transcend the environment the richest country with all modern gadgets at hand 2) Cultivate conductive acceptance and the best health care, is suffering from mental 3) Visualise the ideal self illness. It is crippling the human side of man. This is 4) Use positive affirmation the time to think and contemplate so as to find out avenues of resisting the demon right now. 5) Practise psychological counter punching 6) Charge your internal computer chip What is this demon called mental illness? What do we understand by it? The D.S.M.-IV-TR defines What is Mental Health? It is a level of psychological “Mental illness as a significant, behavioural and well-being or an absence of mental disorder. psychological syndrome or pattern, which is It is the psychological state of someone who is associated with distress and increased risk of death, functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and pain, disability and is not reasonable (expectedly) to behavioural adjustment. From the perspective of respond to a particular situation (A. P. A.-2000)” positive psychological or holism, Mental Health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life and Therefore, while presenting this we have to think create a balance between life activities and efforts and apply workable methods of Mental Hygiene and to achieve psychological resilience. According Mental Health programme in order to prevent the to W.H.O., Mental Health includes subjective rise of mental illness. Mental Hygiene and Mental well-being, perceived self-efficiency, autonomy, Health together belong to the group of “Preventive Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - June 2016 25 Mental Hygiene and Mental Health competence of one’s inter-generational dependence, Now we shall try to analyse whether these self-actualisation of one’s intellectual and emotional managements of Mental Health and Mental Hygiene potential among others. W.H.O. further states that are practical and universal. The suggestions given the well-being of an individual is encompassed in for the management of Mental Hygiene and Mental the realisation of their activities, coping with normal Health seem to be so complicated and the networks stress of life, productive work and contributions to are so vast that they need a very big infrastructure their communities. However, cultural differences, for interlinking them with constant vigilance, which subjective associates and competing professional seems impractical. Moreover, these methods involve theories – all these affect how Mental Health is huge amount of money which is difficult to manage defined. even for the most developed countries of the world. Naturally, the smaller countries are bound to lag The field of global Mental Health is the area of behind. Therefore, the universality of this system study, research and practice that places priority on is questionable. Also, the problem of the individual improving Mental Health and achieving equality in man has not been touched here. If the individual Mental Health for all people worldwide. It is also man does not possess strong will and character the termed behavioural well-being. whole system is bound to end in total failure. But the The Mental Health Bill 2013 of our country speaks attempt, no doubt, is a good one. about the rights and privileges of the mentally ill. We shall now see how our ancient wisdom has Mental Health service has been recommended in all thought about it and what is their mode of working states of India. It includes the following : in order to improve Mental Hygiene and Mental 1) Screening of Mental Health programme Health as also how much can we profit by their wisdom. 2) Systemic allocation 3) Good behaviour Our seers believed that man is the best creature on earth and only he has the capacity to evolve himself 4) Assurance to person’s efforts to the highest level of mental state. And only human 5) Assistance to the affected people beings can think about Mental Health and Mental 6) Education tools to be used Hygiene. Ancient thinkers believed in the individual 7) Strengthening clinical resources development of man without which society cannot be elevated. If the individual is good, society at large 8) Broadening of mind will also be good. Unlike any other creature, man 9) Love and hopefulness alone has the capacity to be divine (elevated mental 10) Inculcating trust and self-esteem state) and he is destined to be so. 11) Developing trust in themselves and the world Our wise men classified man according to their 12) Growing people’s relation and intimate rapport genetic aptitude into three classes : 1) The animal This should include school Mental Health man 2) The human man 3) The divine man. There programme for children, adults’ Mental Health is, however, no watertight compartment, the education through lectures, seminars and media classification being based on average aptitude. services, geriatric Mental Health programme for Therefore, one class can always get mixed into the elderly teachers and their teaching skill development other as because man has the immense capacity to and specific learning objectives, promoting positive change his Mental state. So this intermixing should social and emotional developments for all, taking be considered to be a normal phenomenon. Now let care of the psychological factors, cultural interactions, us take these up one by one. psychotherapy, counseling and education. Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - July 2016 26 Mental Hygiene and Mental Health 1) Animal Man : They have animal like i. Vidya ({dÚm) – Knowledge, both mundane characteristics and are termed Tamoguni (V‘moJwUr) and spiritual. - an attribute attached to this class of people. j. Akrodha (AH«$moY) – To control your anger They possess animal propensities like lust, greed, even if there is cause for being angry. selfishness and run after sensual pleasures. They These ten gems or values or attributes are essential become thieves, dacoits, terrorists living for to make one a man of character and good personality their own satisfaction without any kindness or and to elevate oneself, living within a changing tenderness for fellow members. This is probably society with these constant values as ideals. the type of people we find in our society today. They are egoistic and ferocious, men without Equipped with such ideals, can be born a new man human qualities, quarrelling with other people, with human values at his disposal who is equivalent even killing them and thereby destroying the to the standard one mentioned while discussing society. They live without a life of Dharma. Mental Hygiene in modern science of Psychiatry. He is now a changed person and will always do good to 2) Human Man : They live with the values of his fellow men as well as the society and country humanity, believing in God and Brahma. These at large. Following the path of spirituality, with the men always do good to the people in the society. help of Yoga (Astanga or eight paths of Yoga of Patanjali They live with a mission of life and always try : Yama (¶‘), Niyama ({¶‘), Asana (AmgZ), Pranayam to elevate themselves to the divine. But these (àmUm¶m‘), Pratyahar (à˶mhma), Dharana (YmaUm), Dhyan people are expected to believe in and follow (ܶmZ), Samadhi (g‘m{Y), he becomes a man of perfect some human values or qualities. According to wisdom and a picture of positive or ideal Mental Manu Samhita (‘Zwg§{hVm), they maintain these Health. The Geeta has given us a role model of such principles in their lives, like : a man who is ideally synonymous with a mentally a. Dhriti (K¥{V) – Satisfaction in any state of life healthy person as defined in the modern science you are living or have to live in this world. of Psychiatry. This can be possible only for those b. Kshama (j‘m) – Not to retaliate even if who is wise and steady, having controlled his ego, someone hurts you. developing love for all. He is said to have achieved the state of Sthitaprajna (pñWVàÁA), as stated by the c. Dama (X‘) – Lack of ego, no anxiety about Geeta. This is the Human man, a Rajoguni (aOmoJwUr). your position, wealth, name or fame. d. Asteya (AñVo¶) – Not to covet others’ We find that the very question is being raised by property, money or anything by cheating Arjuna during the Mahabharata war. Arjuna asks or forcefully grabbing them. Krishna (Geeta, Chapter II, Stanza 54) e. Shoucha (e¡M) – Purity of your external and pñWVàÁAñ¶ H$m ^mfm g‘m{Yñ¶ñ¶ Ho$ed & internal self (body and mind) pñWVYr: qH$ à^mfoV {H$‘mgrV ~«OoZ {H$‘² && f. Indriya Nigraha (BpÝж {ZJ«h) – Possessing the (Sthitaprajnastha ka bhasha samadhisthasya keshava capacity to withdraw from the dictates of Sthitadhi kim prabhasheta kimasit brajet kim) sense organs, to control them with a strong mind. Arjuna is asking a double-forked question. 1) A description of the state of mind in the man of g. Dhee (Kr) – The power to analyse things and realisation merged in self-experience 2) Demand for then come to a concrete solution. an explanation of the experience which will influence h. Satya (g˶) – Truthfulness, never to tell his actions in outer world, when he has emerged out a lie. Not doing anything by cheating or of the transcendental state. cunningness. Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - June 2016 27 Mental Hygiene and Mental Health In reply the Lord said : (Geeta, Chapter II, Stanza 55) This is one great assurance that our Shastras give us. àOmhm{V ¶Xm H$m‘mZ² gd©mZ² nmW© ‘ZmoJVmZ² & AmˑݶodmË‘Zm Vwï>: pñWVàÁAñVXmoÀ¶Vo && To this enlightened class belong great ones like Buddha, Shankar, Mohammad, Jesus, Chaitanya, (Prajahati yada kaman sarban partha manogatan Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, even Satgurus and Atmanyevatmana tushta sthitaprajnastadocchate) saints including our Rishis and Munis and thousands (When a man casts off, o Partha, all the desires of the of people throughout the world in different era. mind, he is satisfied in the self by self, then he is said They came to this earth to teach the people the right to be a man of steady wisdom) path suitable at that time of social condition and show them the way to emancipation from worldly This is a brilliant summary of the mental state of a matters, leading to peace and Ananda or bliss. person with perfect Mental Health. As his desires We have tried to describe both the systems, modern have ended, he can enjoy the bliss of self. and ancient, for the prevention of mental illness. When such a man comes to live in the society or outer world, he lives like a normal human being on Now is the question as to how these two can be earth. But he still blesses all, serves all, does good to synthesised and where their meeting point is. The all and thus makes this earth worth living. His mind answer lies in a new movement to be initiated in is not shaken by adversity. Neither does he hanker order to reduce the burden of mental illness. This new after pleasure nor lament at death. He is free from approach should include accepting and adapting all attractions and repulsions, fear, anger, danger the concept of individuality of man, taking up the and even loss of life. He lives like a tortoise who has mission of spreading the education highlighting the withdrawn his senses from sense objects and thus Human man (Rajoguni). This slogan should spread attains peace and tranquility. throughout the world by mass or media movement with man to man communication by practising the Our seers and all great men of this world from all ten gems of human values along with application fields of life – they may be great leaders, men of of modern preventive methods suggested by the literature and science or politics, music, dance, art as science of Psychiatry. This is a global problem and well as many other spheres of life – believed in the needs to be tackled globally involving government growth of the individual through spiritual practices. and private enterprises including N.G.O.s – a process Mental illness dare not come to such men who not which should start at the primary level of education. only lead healthy lives but influence society as well. Two parallel systems working together will do the But our ancient wisdom does not stop at this point miracle of reducing the onslaught of mental illness. also. Wise men have asked us to strive for more – Arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached RefeRenCes – says the Upanishads. What then is this goal? It 1) Britannica.com is divinity or divine life on this earth. Be God, be 2) Businessinsiders.com Brahman – this is our destiny and we all must reach 3) Manusamhita there, belonging someday to class III Satwaguni 4) Yoga of Patanjali (gËdJwUr). 5) Upanishads Therefore the transition of man is from Animal man 6) Works of Swami Vivekananda to Human man and then to Divine man. This is a long spiritual journey which turns man into God 7) Works of Swami Abhedananda and ultimately Brahman, termed together here as 8) Geeta, Chapter II Divine man. This is not a bumpy ride but a smooth 9) D.S.M.–IV–TR sailing in the ocean of spirituality by practising yoga 10) W.H.O. Declarations through the gradual process of being and becoming. Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - July 2016 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bengal Journal of Psychiatry Unpaywall

Mental Hygiene and Mental Health

Bengal Journal of PsychiatryJan 29, 2016

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Publisher
Unpaywall
ISSN
2348-9227
DOI
10.51332/bjp.2016.v21.i1.30
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Abstract

View Point Dr. Kali Kinkar Chakraborty Director, Advanced Neuropsychiatry Institute, Kolkata Modern world is facing a crisis of existence including Psychiatry” rather than Immunological Psychiatry. those of global warming, ecological imbalance, Mental Hygiene which is a pre-requisite for the weather changes, ideological intolerance, pure activation of Prana can help the youth to check water crisis, threat of nuclear war, psychological corrosive emotions like fear, anger, anxiety and crisis and many more. Never have harder blows hit passion and to conserve inner vitality, so essential us than at the present time, never was competition for better performance in all fields of life. keener, never were men so cruel to their fellow Love, affection, selflessness, tolerance, good men as now. But more is yet to come in near future. behaviour, cultivation of good thoughts, positive We are undergoing the economic crash holocaust, thinking, lack of jealousy and ego, sympathy for persecution and disillusionment. The arrogance of others, attitude of helping a neighbour, feeling of a growing adult youth does not understand and universal brotherhood are some of the factors that respect age-old wisdom and factors like selfishness, can improve our Mental Hygiene, thereby leading nuclear family, loneliness, mechanical living, lack to good Mental Health. of trust, obedience and affection along with job insecurity are being added up everyday. Mental Hygiene includes all measures taken to promote and preserve Mental Health. There are six The ultimate result has been very serious. This has techniques which are recommended for taking care affected the mental state of human being who has to of Mental Health, so as to keep our mind ready to live with it. Mental as well as degenerative illness tackle challenges anytime. They are as follows : have gripped a substantial portion of the world population. One third of the population in America, 1) Transcend the environment the richest country with all modern gadgets at hand 2) Cultivate conductive acceptance and the best health care, is suffering from mental 3) Visualise the ideal self illness. It is crippling the human side of man. This is 4) Use positive affirmation the time to think and contemplate so as to find out avenues of resisting the demon right now. 5) Practise psychological counter punching 6) Charge your internal computer chip What is this demon called mental illness? What do we understand by it? The D.S.M.-IV-TR defines What is Mental Health? It is a level of psychological “Mental illness as a significant, behavioural and well-being or an absence of mental disorder. psychological syndrome or pattern, which is It is the psychological state of someone who is associated with distress and increased risk of death, functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and pain, disability and is not reasonable (expectedly) to behavioural adjustment. From the perspective of respond to a particular situation (A. P. A.-2000)” positive psychological or holism, Mental Health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life and Therefore, while presenting this we have to think create a balance between life activities and efforts and apply workable methods of Mental Hygiene and to achieve psychological resilience. According Mental Health programme in order to prevent the to W.H.O., Mental Health includes subjective rise of mental illness. Mental Hygiene and Mental well-being, perceived self-efficiency, autonomy, Health together belong to the group of “Preventive Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - June 2016 25 Mental Hygiene and Mental Health competence of one’s inter-generational dependence, Now we shall try to analyse whether these self-actualisation of one’s intellectual and emotional managements of Mental Health and Mental Hygiene potential among others. W.H.O. further states that are practical and universal. The suggestions given the well-being of an individual is encompassed in for the management of Mental Hygiene and Mental the realisation of their activities, coping with normal Health seem to be so complicated and the networks stress of life, productive work and contributions to are so vast that they need a very big infrastructure their communities. However, cultural differences, for interlinking them with constant vigilance, which subjective associates and competing professional seems impractical. Moreover, these methods involve theories – all these affect how Mental Health is huge amount of money which is difficult to manage defined. even for the most developed countries of the world. Naturally, the smaller countries are bound to lag The field of global Mental Health is the area of behind. Therefore, the universality of this system study, research and practice that places priority on is questionable. Also, the problem of the individual improving Mental Health and achieving equality in man has not been touched here. If the individual Mental Health for all people worldwide. It is also man does not possess strong will and character the termed behavioural well-being. whole system is bound to end in total failure. But the The Mental Health Bill 2013 of our country speaks attempt, no doubt, is a good one. about the rights and privileges of the mentally ill. We shall now see how our ancient wisdom has Mental Health service has been recommended in all thought about it and what is their mode of working states of India. It includes the following : in order to improve Mental Hygiene and Mental 1) Screening of Mental Health programme Health as also how much can we profit by their wisdom. 2) Systemic allocation 3) Good behaviour Our seers believed that man is the best creature on earth and only he has the capacity to evolve himself 4) Assurance to person’s efforts to the highest level of mental state. And only human 5) Assistance to the affected people beings can think about Mental Health and Mental 6) Education tools to be used Hygiene. Ancient thinkers believed in the individual 7) Strengthening clinical resources development of man without which society cannot be elevated. If the individual is good, society at large 8) Broadening of mind will also be good. Unlike any other creature, man 9) Love and hopefulness alone has the capacity to be divine (elevated mental 10) Inculcating trust and self-esteem state) and he is destined to be so. 11) Developing trust in themselves and the world Our wise men classified man according to their 12) Growing people’s relation and intimate rapport genetic aptitude into three classes : 1) The animal This should include school Mental Health man 2) The human man 3) The divine man. There programme for children, adults’ Mental Health is, however, no watertight compartment, the education through lectures, seminars and media classification being based on average aptitude. services, geriatric Mental Health programme for Therefore, one class can always get mixed into the elderly teachers and their teaching skill development other as because man has the immense capacity to and specific learning objectives, promoting positive change his Mental state. So this intermixing should social and emotional developments for all, taking be considered to be a normal phenomenon. Now let care of the psychological factors, cultural interactions, us take these up one by one. psychotherapy, counseling and education. Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - July 2016 26 Mental Hygiene and Mental Health 1) Animal Man : They have animal like i. Vidya ({dÚm) – Knowledge, both mundane characteristics and are termed Tamoguni (V‘moJwUr) and spiritual. - an attribute attached to this class of people. j. Akrodha (AH«$moY) – To control your anger They possess animal propensities like lust, greed, even if there is cause for being angry. selfishness and run after sensual pleasures. They These ten gems or values or attributes are essential become thieves, dacoits, terrorists living for to make one a man of character and good personality their own satisfaction without any kindness or and to elevate oneself, living within a changing tenderness for fellow members. This is probably society with these constant values as ideals. the type of people we find in our society today. They are egoistic and ferocious, men without Equipped with such ideals, can be born a new man human qualities, quarrelling with other people, with human values at his disposal who is equivalent even killing them and thereby destroying the to the standard one mentioned while discussing society. They live without a life of Dharma. Mental Hygiene in modern science of Psychiatry. He is now a changed person and will always do good to 2) Human Man : They live with the values of his fellow men as well as the society and country humanity, believing in God and Brahma. These at large. Following the path of spirituality, with the men always do good to the people in the society. help of Yoga (Astanga or eight paths of Yoga of Patanjali They live with a mission of life and always try : Yama (¶‘), Niyama ({¶‘), Asana (AmgZ), Pranayam to elevate themselves to the divine. But these (àmUm¶m‘), Pratyahar (à˶mhma), Dharana (YmaUm), Dhyan people are expected to believe in and follow (ܶmZ), Samadhi (g‘m{Y), he becomes a man of perfect some human values or qualities. According to wisdom and a picture of positive or ideal Mental Manu Samhita (‘Zwg§{hVm), they maintain these Health. The Geeta has given us a role model of such principles in their lives, like : a man who is ideally synonymous with a mentally a. Dhriti (K¥{V) – Satisfaction in any state of life healthy person as defined in the modern science you are living or have to live in this world. of Psychiatry. This can be possible only for those b. Kshama (j‘m) – Not to retaliate even if who is wise and steady, having controlled his ego, someone hurts you. developing love for all. He is said to have achieved the state of Sthitaprajna (pñWVàÁA), as stated by the c. Dama (X‘) – Lack of ego, no anxiety about Geeta. This is the Human man, a Rajoguni (aOmoJwUr). your position, wealth, name or fame. d. Asteya (AñVo¶) – Not to covet others’ We find that the very question is being raised by property, money or anything by cheating Arjuna during the Mahabharata war. Arjuna asks or forcefully grabbing them. Krishna (Geeta, Chapter II, Stanza 54) e. Shoucha (e¡M) – Purity of your external and pñWVàÁAñ¶ H$m ^mfm g‘m{Yñ¶ñ¶ Ho$ed & internal self (body and mind) pñWVYr: qH$ à^mfoV {H$‘mgrV ~«OoZ {H$‘² && f. Indriya Nigraha (BpÝж {ZJ«h) – Possessing the (Sthitaprajnastha ka bhasha samadhisthasya keshava capacity to withdraw from the dictates of Sthitadhi kim prabhasheta kimasit brajet kim) sense organs, to control them with a strong mind. Arjuna is asking a double-forked question. 1) A description of the state of mind in the man of g. Dhee (Kr) – The power to analyse things and realisation merged in self-experience 2) Demand for then come to a concrete solution. an explanation of the experience which will influence h. Satya (g˶) – Truthfulness, never to tell his actions in outer world, when he has emerged out a lie. Not doing anything by cheating or of the transcendental state. cunningness. Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - June 2016 27 Mental Hygiene and Mental Health In reply the Lord said : (Geeta, Chapter II, Stanza 55) This is one great assurance that our Shastras give us. àOmhm{V ¶Xm H$m‘mZ² gd©mZ² nmW© ‘ZmoJVmZ² & AmˑݶodmË‘Zm Vwï>: pñWVàÁAñVXmoÀ¶Vo && To this enlightened class belong great ones like Buddha, Shankar, Mohammad, Jesus, Chaitanya, (Prajahati yada kaman sarban partha manogatan Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, even Satgurus and Atmanyevatmana tushta sthitaprajnastadocchate) saints including our Rishis and Munis and thousands (When a man casts off, o Partha, all the desires of the of people throughout the world in different era. mind, he is satisfied in the self by self, then he is said They came to this earth to teach the people the right to be a man of steady wisdom) path suitable at that time of social condition and show them the way to emancipation from worldly This is a brilliant summary of the mental state of a matters, leading to peace and Ananda or bliss. person with perfect Mental Health. As his desires We have tried to describe both the systems, modern have ended, he can enjoy the bliss of self. and ancient, for the prevention of mental illness. When such a man comes to live in the society or outer world, he lives like a normal human being on Now is the question as to how these two can be earth. But he still blesses all, serves all, does good to synthesised and where their meeting point is. The all and thus makes this earth worth living. His mind answer lies in a new movement to be initiated in is not shaken by adversity. Neither does he hanker order to reduce the burden of mental illness. This new after pleasure nor lament at death. He is free from approach should include accepting and adapting all attractions and repulsions, fear, anger, danger the concept of individuality of man, taking up the and even loss of life. He lives like a tortoise who has mission of spreading the education highlighting the withdrawn his senses from sense objects and thus Human man (Rajoguni). This slogan should spread attains peace and tranquility. throughout the world by mass or media movement with man to man communication by practising the Our seers and all great men of this world from all ten gems of human values along with application fields of life – they may be great leaders, men of of modern preventive methods suggested by the literature and science or politics, music, dance, art as science of Psychiatry. This is a global problem and well as many other spheres of life – believed in the needs to be tackled globally involving government growth of the individual through spiritual practices. and private enterprises including N.G.O.s – a process Mental illness dare not come to such men who not which should start at the primary level of education. only lead healthy lives but influence society as well. Two parallel systems working together will do the But our ancient wisdom does not stop at this point miracle of reducing the onslaught of mental illness. also. Wise men have asked us to strive for more – Arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached RefeRenCes – says the Upanishads. What then is this goal? It 1) Britannica.com is divinity or divine life on this earth. Be God, be 2) Businessinsiders.com Brahman – this is our destiny and we all must reach 3) Manusamhita there, belonging someday to class III Satwaguni 4) Yoga of Patanjali (gËdJwUr). 5) Upanishads Therefore the transition of man is from Animal man 6) Works of Swami Vivekananda to Human man and then to Divine man. This is a long spiritual journey which turns man into God 7) Works of Swami Abhedananda and ultimately Brahman, termed together here as 8) Geeta, Chapter II Divine man. This is not a bumpy ride but a smooth 9) D.S.M.–IV–TR sailing in the ocean of spirituality by practising yoga 10) W.H.O. Declarations through the gradual process of being and becoming. Bengal Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 1, January - July 2016

Journal

Bengal Journal of PsychiatryUnpaywall

Published: Jan 29, 2016

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