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The Potential of Restored Grasslands for Conserving Wildlife and Fuel Production

The Potential of Restored Grasslands for Conserving Wildlife and Fuel Production PERSPECTIVE The Potential of Restored Grasslands for Conserving Wildlife and Fuel Production J. Curtis Burkhalter ative grasslands have been termed the United by direct payments or indirectly with subsidies used to States’ most imperiled ecosystem, with losses purchase supplies or other expenses (USDA 2012). Nranging from 70–99 % since the turn of the 20th One important form of an AES is the use of perennial century ( Johnson 2000). A major driver of these losses has grasses in restored grasslands as a feedstock, or source, for been the proliferation of intensive agriculture with >70% cellulosic biofuel. The energy landscape (the portfolio of of all remaining U.S. grasslands dedicated to agriculture various ways fuel is produced) is changing rapidly and and other human land uses, such as haying and rangeland restored grasslands can provide a unique opportunity if (Perlut et al. 2008a). Furthermore, irrigated and pasture they also can be utilized as a source of feedstock for next- lands worldwide are expected to double in area by 2050, generation cellulosic biofuels. Moreover, the use of restored with a net loss of ~1 billion ha of wildlands (Perrings et al. grassland habitat to provide fuel should be seen as an 2006). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecological Restoration University of Wisconsin Press

The Potential of Restored Grasslands for Conserving Wildlife and Fuel Production

Ecological Restoration , Volume 31 (2) – Jun 13, 2013

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
ISSN
1543-4079

Abstract

PERSPECTIVE The Potential of Restored Grasslands for Conserving Wildlife and Fuel Production J. Curtis Burkhalter ative grasslands have been termed the United by direct payments or indirectly with subsidies used to States’ most imperiled ecosystem, with losses purchase supplies or other expenses (USDA 2012). Nranging from 70–99 % since the turn of the 20th One important form of an AES is the use of perennial century ( Johnson 2000). A major driver of these losses has grasses in restored grasslands as a feedstock, or source, for been the proliferation of intensive agriculture with >70% cellulosic biofuel. The energy landscape (the portfolio of of all remaining U.S. grasslands dedicated to agriculture various ways fuel is produced) is changing rapidly and and other human land uses, such as haying and rangeland restored grasslands can provide a unique opportunity if (Perlut et al. 2008a). Furthermore, irrigated and pasture they also can be utilized as a source of feedstock for next- lands worldwide are expected to double in area by 2050, generation cellulosic biofuels. Moreover, the use of restored with a net loss of ~1 billion ha of wildlands (Perrings et al. grassland habitat to provide fuel should be seen as an 2006).

Journal

Ecological RestorationUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Jun 13, 2013

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