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The Evolving Understanding of Grassland Restoration Seeding Protocols

The Evolving Understanding of Grassland Restoration Seeding Protocols PERSPECTIVE Christopher F. Miller rasslands provide many ecological services including reduction in soil erosion, improvement in soil and water quality, and increased wildlife habitat for certain specialized grassland species. Permanent grassland acreage has been declining in the United States since the late 1940's. According to a study by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s Economic Research Service, 60% of the land acreage in the contiguous US was grassland in 1948. By 2002, that figure had dropped to 44% (Wedin and Fales 2009) due to urban and suburban development, agriculture, and encroachment of woody vegetation. With this recognized loss of grassland and associated habitat, native grassland establishment has been promoted and cost-shared by the federal government in the last 25­30 years to recapture many of these ecological services associated with permanent grasslands. Grassland restoration in the United States was accelerated through the passage of the 1985 Farm Bill which authorized the establishment of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). CRP is a voluntary program available to agricultural producers to help them use environmentally sensitive land to plant long-term, resource conserving covers such as native grasses to provide for improved wildlife habitat, control soil erosion, and to improve water quality. The http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecological Restoration University of Wisconsin Press

The Evolving Understanding of Grassland Restoration Seeding Protocols

Ecological Restoration , Volume 31 (2) – Jun 13, 2013

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
Copyright
Copyright © University of Wisconsin Press
ISSN
1543-4079
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Abstract

PERSPECTIVE Christopher F. Miller rasslands provide many ecological services including reduction in soil erosion, improvement in soil and water quality, and increased wildlife habitat for certain specialized grassland species. Permanent grassland acreage has been declining in the United States since the late 1940's. According to a study by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s Economic Research Service, 60% of the land acreage in the contiguous US was grassland in 1948. By 2002, that figure had dropped to 44% (Wedin and Fales 2009) due to urban and suburban development, agriculture, and encroachment of woody vegetation. With this recognized loss of grassland and associated habitat, native grassland establishment has been promoted and cost-shared by the federal government in the last 25­30 years to recapture many of these ecological services associated with permanent grasslands. Grassland restoration in the United States was accelerated through the passage of the 1985 Farm Bill which authorized the establishment of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). CRP is a voluntary program available to agricultural producers to help them use environmentally sensitive land to plant long-term, resource conserving covers such as native grasses to provide for improved wildlife habitat, control soil erosion, and to improve water quality. The

Journal

Ecological RestorationUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Jun 13, 2013

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