Parks and Quality of Life: Differences among African American and White Residents

Parks and Quality of Life: Differences among African American and White Residents ABSTRACT: The question of whether parks are equally available to African American and white residents is of growing concern among public officials, urban and regional planners, parks and recreation managers, and landscape architects. This paper examines the distribution of parks among African American and white residents in metropolitan Detroit and considers relationships between parks, their use by each group, and their overall quality of life. The study uses structural equation modeling to analyze household survey data and GIS data covering the location and amount of parkland. Findings show that, on average, African Americans lived closer to parks and had more parkland within one-half mile of home. However, African Americans were less likely to visit parks and more likely to rate them poorly. For both groups, local park ratings were positively associated with neighborhood satisfaction and higher quality of life. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Landscape Journal: design, planning, and management of the land University of Wisconsin Press

Parks and Quality of Life: Differences among African American and White Residents

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
Copyright
Copyright © University of Wisconsin Press
ISSN
1553-2704
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Abstract

ABSTRACT: The question of whether parks are equally available to African American and white residents is of growing concern among public officials, urban and regional planners, parks and recreation managers, and landscape architects. This paper examines the distribution of parks among African American and white residents in metropolitan Detroit and considers relationships between parks, their use by each group, and their overall quality of life. The study uses structural equation modeling to analyze household survey data and GIS data covering the location and amount of parkland. Findings show that, on average, African Americans lived closer to parks and had more parkland within one-half mile of home. However, African Americans were less likely to visit parks and more likely to rate them poorly. For both groups, local park ratings were positively associated with neighborhood satisfaction and higher quality of life.

Journal

Landscape Journal: design, planning, and management of the landUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Oct 18, 2016

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