On Spatial Heterogeneity in Environmental Compliance Costs

On Spatial Heterogeneity in Environmental Compliance Costs Abstract: This paper examines the extent of variation in regulatory stringency below the state level, using establishment-level data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures survey to estimate a county-level index of environmental compliance costs. County-level variation is found to explain 11 to 18 times more of the variation in environmental compliance costs than state-level variation alone, and the range of environmental compliance costs within a state is often large. At least 34% of U.S. counties have environmental compliance costs that are statistically different from their states'. Results suggest that important spatial variation is lost in state-level studies of environmental regulation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Land Economics University of Wisconsin Press

On Spatial Heterogeneity in Environmental Compliance Costs

Land Economics, Volume 87 (1) – Apr 4, 2011

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
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Copyright © University of Wisconsin Press
ISSN
1543-8325
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Abstract

Abstract: This paper examines the extent of variation in regulatory stringency below the state level, using establishment-level data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures survey to estimate a county-level index of environmental compliance costs. County-level variation is found to explain 11 to 18 times more of the variation in environmental compliance costs than state-level variation alone, and the range of environmental compliance costs within a state is often large. At least 34% of U.S. counties have environmental compliance costs that are statistically different from their states'. Results suggest that important spatial variation is lost in state-level studies of environmental regulation.

Journal

Land EconomicsUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Apr 4, 2011

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