Abstract: Elman R. Service's model proposing four different categories of sociopolitical types has been widely accepted and used. Although his sociopolitical evolutionary model has been criticized, it still serves as a valuable concept for the study of prehistoric societies. In this paper, the traditional concept, definition, and criteria of chiefdoms and states will be reviewed and redefined in the light of archaeological examples as well as ethnohistorical documents. The paper will discuss the concept and definition of the term "kingdom," and will propose it be used to refer to an intermediate stage between chiefdom and state-level societies.
Arctic Anthropology – University of Wisconsin Press
Published: Mar 30, 2005
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