FRANK MATERO Department of Historic Preservation, The University of Pennsylvania Figure 1. Slate quarr y, Slatedale, Penn. (Photo by Joseph E. B. Elliott, 2000) PAGE 2 .................19097$ $CH1 01-22-18 10:48:56 PS Among the oldest of technologies, the extractive industries refer to those processes that involve the removal and processing of raw materials from the earth: mines, quarries, collieries, oil and gas reﬁneries, cement plants, and the heavy clay industries (brick, tile, andterracotta).Theseprocessestransformedentireregionsandmarkets,creatingamuch altered landscape with vast and deep quarries, pits, and mines; enormous furnaces, smelt- ers,andkilns;fabricationshopsandmills;andtransportationnetworkstobringrawmate- rials in and product out. Entire worker communities with houses, schools, churches and synagogues, pool halls, and stores were created to keep local labor close at hand. Many such sites, while rich in historical and architectural value, are also toxic environmental brownﬁelds, thus making them especially problematic for contemporary reuse. The intersection of geology, technology, and culture, these places were an important partofmodernlife,andtheirstoriesareoftenstillaccessiblethroughthevisualtestimony of the land, their structures, and their machinery, as well as in the stories of those who labored there. In recent years this industrial legacy has been proposed as holding the key to regional revitalization by “regeneration through heritage,” not only in the preserva- tion and possible reuse of these
Change Over Time – University of Pennsylvania Press
Published: Feb 8, 2018
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