DECONSECRATING A DOCTRINAL MONUMENT Raymond M. Lemaire (19211997) and the Revisions of the Venice Charter CL AUDINE HOUBART ´ ` Universite de Liege--KULeuven (Belgium) Figure 1. Raymond M. Lemaire and Piero Gazzola attend an international meeting around 1970. (M. J. Geerts) Considering himself the ``main author'' of the Venice Charter, Raymond M. Lemaire was then one of the first (along with Piero Gazzola) to advocate for a revision of the document. As early as 1971, the two men--the first secretary general and president of ICOMOS, respectively--launched a debate, advocating for a better consideration of the social value of heritage. They also called for the development of specific principles for the preservation of historic cities, to be included in the Venice Charter. Lemaire's experience in that field had convinced him that, contrary to the assertion of Article 14, ``a literal application of principles valid for monuments, considered as such, is not always possible, nor desirable, for the ensembles.''1 The adoption of the Amsterdam Declaration did not put an end to his efforts. Despite his unsuccessful attempt to get a revised version approved by the ICOMOS General Assembly in Moscow in 1978, Lemaire always remained critical towards the charter and
Change Over Time – University of Pennsylvania Press
Published: Oct 21, 2014
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