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White Supremacy, Settler Colonialism, and the Two Citizenships of the Fourteenth Amendment

White Supremacy, Settler Colonialism, and the Two Citizenships of the Fourteenth Amendment <p>Abstract:</p><p>The Civil War era&apos;s debates over citizenship are conventionally understood as having revolved around the status of emancipated African Americans. But they were also rooted in decades of US policy with regard to Native Americans. In Indian Country, citizenship&apos;s intended purpose was to dissolve Native political sovereignty and to make Indian lands available for sale to white settlers. These two histories of citizenship existed in dynamic tension and were occasionally forced together, as in the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Fourteenth Amendment. This essay traces Civil War–era policymakers&apos; parallel debates over African American and Native American citizenship. Exploring those debates in particular through the thinking of conservative Democrat Allen Thurman suggests that while white supremacy came under sustained attack during this era, settler-colonialism—the ideology and practice of replacing Native with settler populations—did not.</p> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of the Civil War Era University of North Carolina Press

White Supremacy, Settler Colonialism, and the Two Citizenships of the Fourteenth Amendment

The Journal of the Civil War Era , Volume 10 (1) – Mar 2, 2020

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Publisher
University of North Carolina Press
Copyright
Copyright @ The University of North Carolina Press
ISSN
2159-9807

Abstract

<p>Abstract:</p><p>The Civil War era&apos;s debates over citizenship are conventionally understood as having revolved around the status of emancipated African Americans. But they were also rooted in decades of US policy with regard to Native Americans. In Indian Country, citizenship&apos;s intended purpose was to dissolve Native political sovereignty and to make Indian lands available for sale to white settlers. These two histories of citizenship existed in dynamic tension and were occasionally forced together, as in the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Fourteenth Amendment. This essay traces Civil War–era policymakers&apos; parallel debates over African American and Native American citizenship. Exploring those debates in particular through the thinking of conservative Democrat Allen Thurman suggests that while white supremacy came under sustained attack during this era, settler-colonialism—the ideology and practice of replacing Native with settler populations—did not.</p>

Journal

The Journal of the Civil War EraUniversity of North Carolina Press

Published: Mar 2, 2020

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