by Arata Ide HE history of deep antagonism between town and gown in Cambridge chiefly centers on the social spheres of everyday existence. Since both the immensely privileged collegians and the common townsfolk walked the same streets day after day, obtained their supplies of bread and drink from the same markets, and used the same ditches and trenches to perform their natural functions, it was perhaps inevitable that friction should occur in many aspects of their lives. From its earliest days, the university had been concerned with protecting and controlling its members. Its jurisdiction and privileges, which appear to have had their origins in a charter of Edward I, had been consolidated and expanded by Elizabeth's royal patent during the period in question. The charter of 1383, reconfirmed by Richard II, clearly stated the chancellor's right to exercise jurisdiction regarding ``all manner of personal pleas, whether of debts accounts and any other contracts and wrongs, or of breaches of the peace and misprisions whatsoever, committed within the town of Cambridge and its suburbs (felony and mayhem alone excepted) in which a master or scholar or a scholar's servant or a common officer of the University is one of
Studies in Philology – University of North Carolina Press
Published: Feb 22, 2007
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