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“An Essay on Slavery”: An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon

“An Essay on Slavery”: An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon CedriCk May University of Texas at Arlington Julie MCCown University of Texas at Arlington "An Essay on Slavery" An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon A previously unknown poem written by Jupiter Hammon of Long Island is one of the most important discoveries related to this eighteenthcentury poet and slave in nearly a century.1 The poem, entitled "An Essay on Slavery, with Submission to Divine Providence, Knowing That God Rules over All Things," directly addresses questions concerning slavery and is by far the most outspoken antislavery statement by this often-neglected eighteenth-century writer. Jupiter Hammon was owned by the Lloyd family of Lloyd's Neck, Long Island. The Lloyds were wealthy and influential merchants and agriculturalists with commercial and religious ties throughout New England and Great Britain. Jupiter Hammon was born into slavery on October 17, 1711, at the newly constructed Lloyd Manor House, which had just been completed a month prior (Scott and Klaffky 9,12). Hammon would live a long life, serving three generations of the Lloyd family, including his first master Henry Lloyd (1685­1763); Henry's son Joseph Lloyd (1716­80); and finally John Lloyd II (1745­92), Joseph's nephew, to whom Hammon was bequeathed after Joseph's suicide in 1780. John Lloyd's http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Early American Literature University of North Carolina Press

“An Essay on Slavery”: An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon

Early American Literature , Volume 48 (2) – Jul 19, 2013

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Publisher
University of North Carolina Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 The University of North Carolina Press.
ISSN
1534-147X
Publisher site
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Abstract

CedriCk May University of Texas at Arlington Julie MCCown University of Texas at Arlington "An Essay on Slavery" An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon A previously unknown poem written by Jupiter Hammon of Long Island is one of the most important discoveries related to this eighteenthcentury poet and slave in nearly a century.1 The poem, entitled "An Essay on Slavery, with Submission to Divine Providence, Knowing That God Rules over All Things," directly addresses questions concerning slavery and is by far the most outspoken antislavery statement by this often-neglected eighteenth-century writer. Jupiter Hammon was owned by the Lloyd family of Lloyd's Neck, Long Island. The Lloyds were wealthy and influential merchants and agriculturalists with commercial and religious ties throughout New England and Great Britain. Jupiter Hammon was born into slavery on October 17, 1711, at the newly constructed Lloyd Manor House, which had just been completed a month prior (Scott and Klaffky 9,12). Hammon would live a long life, serving three generations of the Lloyd family, including his first master Henry Lloyd (1685­1763); Henry's son Joseph Lloyd (1716­80); and finally John Lloyd II (1745­92), Joseph's nephew, to whom Hammon was bequeathed after Joseph's suicide in 1780. John Lloyd's

Journal

Early American LiteratureUniversity of North Carolina Press

Published: Jul 19, 2013

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