Shame, Guilt, and Silence in Wahiba Khiariâs Nos silences Mireille Rebeiz In 1992, forty years after the war for independence that ended over a hundred years of French colonization, Algeria fell into the darkness of civil war. Four years earlier, in February 1989, the new constitution, approved by referendum, had ended state monopoly and authorized political pluralism. Unable to resolve a serious socioeconomic crisis, the regime became very unpopular, as reflected in the 1992 legislative elections.1 The conservative Islamic party called the Islamic Salvation Front (Front Islamique du Salut, FIS) largely won the first round of these elections and would have won the second round had it not been suspended by the army. The FIS protested the suspension, causing the military forces to step in, cancel the elections, and dissolve the FIS. These actions eventually led to a massive wave of violence by radical insurgents opposing the army and the government. The FIS called for a jihad against the enemies of Islam and, as a result, a slaughter machine settled in Algeria, and the streets ran red for a long Black Decade. The final cost in lives reached over two hundred thousand.2 Faced with the magnitude of this
Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies – University of Nebraska Press
Published: Sep 13, 2016
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