paternal figures (such as the chirurgien-major and Fouqué) influence and shape the main protagonists, once again she does not always find the presence of the triangular structure. For example, although Julien derives inspiration from reading Napoléon's Mémorial, Alling asserts that he never considers Napoléon as a rival. Alling does draw a triangular model to illustrate the mediation of Napoléon in Julien's desire to win the battle against M. de Rênal, but she depicts a binary model to illustrate the scene during which Julien strives to obtain the hand of Mme de Rênal. Alling then considers other possible texts that act as external mediators, such as Rousseau's Confessions, Tartuffe, Othello, and the Bible, but she concludes that none of these texts function as mediators of his desire. Her discussion of external mediation in La Chartreuse mirrors in general her previous assertions that in many instances the triangular structure of desire is not always present. Alling's conclusions are engaging and should prompt further study; in the interest of brevity I will mention some of the most provocative. First, Alling states that it is difficult to envisage only one explanation for the inaccessibility of the desired object, and equally as troublesome
Nineteenth Century French Studies – University of Nebraska Press
Published: Jun 28, 2005
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