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A Gendered Economic History of Rural Households: Calvillo, Aguascalientes, Mexico, 1982-1991

A Gendered Economic History of Rural Households: Calvillo, Aguascalientes, Mexico, 1982-1991 María de los Angeles Crummet María de los Angeles Crummett A Gendered Economic History of Rural Households: Calvillo, Aguascalientes, Mexico, 1982–1991 During the past twenty years, the Mexican economy has been radically trans- formed. Economic liberalization and structural adjustment programs (SAP), de- signed to overcome the country’s debt crisis and move Mexico into a more com- petitive position in the world economy, have had enormous implications for ru- ral society. The crisis of the 1980s accelerated trends present in Mexico’s agricul- tural sector since the mid-1960s, including growing poverty and landlessness, food dependency, and migration to urban centers and to the United States. Agri- cultural reforms implemented throughout the late 1980s and 1990s led to fur- ther economic deterioration as the Mexican government abandoned its longstanding support of agrarian programs providing subsidized resources to farmers. Research on the changes taking place in Mexico show that a gendered per- spective is critical to our understanding of this dynamic, ongoing process of eco- nomic transformation. The policies and programs associated with structural re- forms have had a disproportionately negative effect on women. In the rural sector, for example, as households attempt to defend their economic livelihoods under increasingly difficult conditions, women http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies University of Nebraska Press

A Gendered Economic History of Rural Households: Calvillo, Aguascalientes, Mexico, 1982-1991

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Publisher
University of Nebraska Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Frontiers Editorial Collective.
ISSN
1536-0334

Abstract

María de los Angeles Crummet María de los Angeles Crummett A Gendered Economic History of Rural Households: Calvillo, Aguascalientes, Mexico, 1982–1991 During the past twenty years, the Mexican economy has been radically trans- formed. Economic liberalization and structural adjustment programs (SAP), de- signed to overcome the country’s debt crisis and move Mexico into a more com- petitive position in the world economy, have had enormous implications for ru- ral society. The crisis of the 1980s accelerated trends present in Mexico’s agricul- tural sector since the mid-1960s, including growing poverty and landlessness, food dependency, and migration to urban centers and to the United States. Agri- cultural reforms implemented throughout the late 1980s and 1990s led to fur- ther economic deterioration as the Mexican government abandoned its longstanding support of agrarian programs providing subsidized resources to farmers. Research on the changes taking place in Mexico show that a gendered per- spective is critical to our understanding of this dynamic, ongoing process of eco- nomic transformation. The policies and programs associated with structural re- forms have had a disproportionately negative effect on women. In the rural sector, for example, as households attempt to defend their economic livelihoods under increasingly difficult conditions, women

Journal

Frontiers: A Journal of Women StudiesUniversity of Nebraska Press

Published: Apr 1, 2001

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