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A Base Hospital is Not a Coney Island Dance Hall: American Woman Nurses, Hostile Work Environment, and Military Rank in the First World War

A Base Hospital is Not a Coney Island Dance Hall: American Woman Nurses, Hostile Work... 13-N3494 7/12/05 6:27 AM Page 206 A Base Hospital Is Not a Coney Island Dance Hall American Women Nurses, Hostile Work Environment, and Military Rank in the First World War kimberly jensen From our early twenty-first-century vantage point, there is abundant evidence that women in the military face a hostile workplace environment. The mili- tary is both a workplace and a cultural institution. While many men and women work cooperatively in military settings, the institutional culture of the military has been grounded in supporting masculinity and in defining women as the feminine “other,” in affirming men as the Protectors and women as the Protected. Linda Bird Francke defines military culture as “driven by a group dynamic centered around male perceptions and sensibilities, male psychology and power, male anxieties and the affirmation of masculinity.” Historically, as Cynthia Enloe reminds us, “Military strategists have tried to use women for military purposes only in those ways that will not unsettle the military’s mas- culinized status.” As female workers in the quintessentially masculine mili- tary, women have often encountered a hostile workplace environment. Femi- nist legal theorist Vicki Schultz suggests that such workplace discrimination based on gender “has the form and function of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies University of Nebraska Press

A Base Hospital is Not a Coney Island Dance Hall: American Woman Nurses, Hostile Work Environment, and Military Rank in the First World War

Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies , Volume 26 (2) – Aug 23, 2005

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Publisher
University of Nebraska Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Frontiers Editorial Collective.
ISSN
1536-0334

Abstract

13-N3494 7/12/05 6:27 AM Page 206 A Base Hospital Is Not a Coney Island Dance Hall American Women Nurses, Hostile Work Environment, and Military Rank in the First World War kimberly jensen From our early twenty-first-century vantage point, there is abundant evidence that women in the military face a hostile workplace environment. The mili- tary is both a workplace and a cultural institution. While many men and women work cooperatively in military settings, the institutional culture of the military has been grounded in supporting masculinity and in defining women as the feminine “other,” in affirming men as the Protectors and women as the Protected. Linda Bird Francke defines military culture as “driven by a group dynamic centered around male perceptions and sensibilities, male psychology and power, male anxieties and the affirmation of masculinity.” Historically, as Cynthia Enloe reminds us, “Military strategists have tried to use women for military purposes only in those ways that will not unsettle the military’s mas- culinized status.” As female workers in the quintessentially masculine mili- tary, women have often encountered a hostile workplace environment. Femi- nist legal theorist Vicki Schultz suggests that such workplace discrimination based on gender “has the form and function of

Journal

Frontiers: A Journal of Women StudiesUniversity of Nebraska Press

Published: Aug 23, 2005

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