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Too Much to Swallow: On Terms Meaning "Swallow" in Oceanic Languages

Too Much to Swallow: On Terms Meaning "Swallow" in Oceanic Languages Squib John Lynch university of the south pacific At least seven terms with the meaning `to swallow' can be reconstructed for Proto-Oceanic, and four more for lower-level protolanguages. All of these bear some phonological resemblance to each other, and also to forms reconstructed for Proto-Austronesian and Proto­Malayo-Polynesian (some of which have the meaning `to sink, drown, disappear under water'). Only two, however, directly continue earlier terms. The remainder involve change in a single consonant, metathesis, or a process of ing in which the initial syllable of one earlier form combines with the second syllable of another form. Semantic change and Austronesian root theory are included in the discussion. 1. INTRODUCTION. Blust (1988, n.d.) reconstructs the following terms for the verb `swallow' in high-level Austronesian protolanguages, which incorporate the root *-len:1 (1) PMP *telen, *tilen (doublets, both meaning `to swallow') PCMP *belen `to swallow' He also reconstructs (i) PWMP *tuñen `to swallow', and (ii) the following terms meaning variously `sink', `disappear under water', `drown' (which I will represent in this paper by the shorthand gloss `sink+'), some of which seem to have a possible connection with one or more of the `swallow' forms: (2) PMP *telem `sink, disappear under http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oceanic Linguistics University of Hawai'I Press

Too Much to Swallow: On Terms Meaning "Swallow" in Oceanic Languages

Oceanic Linguistics , Volume 40 (2) – Jan 12, 2001

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University of Hawai'I Press
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Copyright © 2001 University of Hawai'i Press.
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1527-9421
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Abstract

Squib John Lynch university of the south pacific At least seven terms with the meaning `to swallow' can be reconstructed for Proto-Oceanic, and four more for lower-level protolanguages. All of these bear some phonological resemblance to each other, and also to forms reconstructed for Proto-Austronesian and Proto­Malayo-Polynesian (some of which have the meaning `to sink, drown, disappear under water'). Only two, however, directly continue earlier terms. The remainder involve change in a single consonant, metathesis, or a process of ing in which the initial syllable of one earlier form combines with the second syllable of another form. Semantic change and Austronesian root theory are included in the discussion. 1. INTRODUCTION. Blust (1988, n.d.) reconstructs the following terms for the verb `swallow' in high-level Austronesian protolanguages, which incorporate the root *-len:1 (1) PMP *telen, *tilen (doublets, both meaning `to swallow') PCMP *belen `to swallow' He also reconstructs (i) PWMP *tuñen `to swallow', and (ii) the following terms meaning variously `sink', `disappear under water', `drown' (which I will represent in this paper by the shorthand gloss `sink+'), some of which seem to have a possible connection with one or more of the `swallow' forms: (2) PMP *telem `sink, disappear under

Journal

Oceanic LinguisticsUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Jan 12, 2001

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