Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

The History of Faunal Terms in Austronesian Languages

The History of Faunal Terms in Austronesian Languages Robert Blust university of hawaii This paper offers an overview of reconstructed faunal terms primarily at the Proto-Austronesian, Proto­Malayo-Polynesian, and Proto­Western MalayoPolynesian levels, with some additional reconstructions at lower levels in the Austronesian family tree. The basic division is into domesticated vs. nondomesticated animals, and within the latter category there is a further breakdown into mammals (22 terms), birds (29 terms), reptiles and amphibians (14 terms), creepy-crawly creatures (68 terms), ²sh (97 terms), and marine invertebrates (41 terms), for a total of 277 etyma, most of which represent protolanguages spoken no later than about 4000 b. p. Among the more important new insights reported here is the discovery that the PMP word for `bird' (*manu-manuk) almost certainly was derived from the word for `chicken' (*manuk) by reduplication, a development that is fundamentally at odds with the "life-form encoding sequence" proposed by Cecil H. Brown (Language and living things: Uniformities in folk classi²cation and naming, Rutgers University Press, 1984). INTRODUCTION. The concept of semantic ²elds or domains has a fairly long history in linguistics, particularly in connection with linguistic reconstruction. Saussure (1959) credits the Celticist Adolphe Pictet with pioneering the concept of "linguistic paleontology" in his book, Les origines http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oceanic Linguistics University of Hawai'I Press

The History of Faunal Terms in Austronesian Languages

Oceanic Linguistics , Volume 41 (1) – Jun 1, 2002

Loading next page...
 
/lp/university-of-hawai-i-press/the-history-of-faunal-terms-in-austronesian-languages-2Org2QrxAm
Publisher
University of Hawai'I Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 University of Hawai'i Press.
ISSN
1527-9421
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Robert Blust university of hawaii This paper offers an overview of reconstructed faunal terms primarily at the Proto-Austronesian, Proto­Malayo-Polynesian, and Proto­Western MalayoPolynesian levels, with some additional reconstructions at lower levels in the Austronesian family tree. The basic division is into domesticated vs. nondomesticated animals, and within the latter category there is a further breakdown into mammals (22 terms), birds (29 terms), reptiles and amphibians (14 terms), creepy-crawly creatures (68 terms), ²sh (97 terms), and marine invertebrates (41 terms), for a total of 277 etyma, most of which represent protolanguages spoken no later than about 4000 b. p. Among the more important new insights reported here is the discovery that the PMP word for `bird' (*manu-manuk) almost certainly was derived from the word for `chicken' (*manuk) by reduplication, a development that is fundamentally at odds with the "life-form encoding sequence" proposed by Cecil H. Brown (Language and living things: Uniformities in folk classi²cation and naming, Rutgers University Press, 1984). INTRODUCTION. The concept of semantic ²elds or domains has a fairly long history in linguistics, particularly in connection with linguistic reconstruction. Saussure (1959) credits the Celticist Adolphe Pictet with pioneering the concept of "linguistic paleontology" in his book, Les origines

Journal

Oceanic LinguisticsUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Jun 1, 2002

There are no references for this article.