the contemporary pacific · spring 2001 as a basic value of the equally ambiguous notion of "development," but while Development Sustained is primarily concerned with sustaining national economies within the existing global system, Strategies emphasizes local social perspectives and experience in dealing with problems ultimately deriving from participation in this system. This approach is characterized by a chapter on "Pacific Islands Livelihoods," the dynamic relationships between communities and their resources, as fundamental to development for the benefit of local people. Both books accept that conventional economics have failed to provide either sustainable national economies or sustainable livelihoods, but while Development Sustained suggests more rigorous applications of the theory, Strategies challenges it. Unfortunately the introductory chapters of Strategies, intended to contextualize the case studies that make up most of the book, are not always equal to this task. Physical and human geography is well summarized, but the chapter on colonial history neglects the consideration of indigenous political and economic systems that is essential to the "inside-out" perspective intended for the book. When "Culture and Society" follows as a separate chapter, it reinforces the complaint made in the introduction that this subject is "a junior partner in the development coalition."
The Contemporary Pacific – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Jan 1, 2001