Senoâo GirÅâs Buddhist Socialism, Antiwar Movement, and Dialogue with Social Christianity in 1930sâ1940s Japan Kunihiko Terasawa Senoâo GirÅ (1889â1961) founded The Youth League for Revitalizing Buddhism (YLRB) on April 15, 1931. Senoâo GirÅ was an important Buddhist figure in prewar Japan as one of a few Buddhists who organized resistance movements against ultranationalistic war ideology and militarism. Senoâo not only worked among Buddhists, but also allied with non-Buddhists, such as labor unions, socialists, Christians, and Marxists unifying the Popular Front during the 1930s. Many young Buddhists came to join the YLRB, bridging sectarian divisions, even though Senoâo was a lay priest of Nichiren Buddhism. The YLRB was the declaration of a social Buddhism. The motto of the YLRB was âTo Bear the Buddha into the Streets and Villages.â Senoâo was the chairperson of the YLRB. They proclaimed: 1. We have to return to Buddha, Sakyamuni himself beyond denomination. 2. We have to reform Buddhism that is now like a dead corpse, which is too stagnant, superstitious, and corrupt to fit the new age. 3. We have to fight against the exploitation by capitalism, and to create a new society.1 The YLRBâs membership was three thousand people at its
Buddhist-Christian Studies – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Oct 28, 2017
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