186 China Review International: Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 1995 Melanie Manion. Retirement ofRevolutionaries in China: Public Policies, Social Norms, Private Interests. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1993. xii, 196 pp. Hardcover $35.00. China's recent rapid economic growth has attracted the attention of the world. A vast number of new publications has focused on diis topic. Another main concern, at least to many conscientious observers in the West, is China's human rights record, and several international organizations are keeping close watch on China's behavior in this area. But practically no attention has been paid to die equally enormous question of China's effort to establish a norm for the retirement of her "civil servants"--until the appearance of Melanie Manion's study. The main dieme of this book is the use of peaceful coercion in the policy process of the post-Mao Chinese regime; it explains how the Chinese Communist leaders have implemented a "policy to replace de facto lifelong tenure for cadres with regular age-based retirement." During the ten-year period of the autiior's research (1978-1988), a total of almost five million cadres retired from office, in two different categories: 1.63 million specially retired (those who had joined the Communist movement
China Review International – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Mar 30, 1995
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