Book Reviews Red Gentlemen and White Savages: Indians, Federalists, and the Search for Order on the American Frontier. By david andrew nichols. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008. 272 pp. $39.50 (cloth). The United States Congress sent Oliver Wolcott of Connecticut, Richard Butler of Pennsylvania, and Arthur Lee of Virginia to Fort Stanwix, New York, in the fall of 1784 to make a point. Accompanied by 150 soldiers of the U.S. Army, Lee stood before the Iroquois and other delegates and spoke in his best imitation of Indian rhetoric: "the great spirit who is at the same time the judge and avenger of perfidy, has given us victory over all our enemies. We are at peace with all but you; you now stand out alone against our whole force" (p. 30). The U.S. victory over the British in the American Revolution, Lee explained, was also a victory over Britain's Indian allies. Therefore, Congress was now sovereign over all these lands. But the Iroquois and other Indians assembled at Fort Stanwix knew the situation in 1784 was more complicated. In the preceding months, New York and Pennsylvania had sent commissioners to make similar claims of jurisdiction. British troops still
Journal of World History – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Feb 3, 2010
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