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Reconstructing Proto-Oceanic Stress

Reconstructing Proto-Oceanic Stress John Lynch university of the south pacific Proto-Oceanic (POc) probably did not have a vowel length contrast. Little work has been done on stress in POc, "but phonologically conservative languages generally agree in displaying primary stress on the penultimate syllable and secondary stress on every second syllable preceding the penultimate, and this was probably the POc pattern" (Ross 1998:18), a view held by most Oceanists. Recent research within Oceanic, however, suggests that patterns of regular penultimate-syllable stress are not as widespread throughout the family as was initially thought, and that certain interstage protolanguages need to be reconstructed with something other than regular penultimate-syllable stress and something other than the pattern exhibited by their daughter languages. By investigating stress patterns in a wide range of Oceanic languages, I show (i) that POc stress was probably assigned on the basis of moraic rather than syllabic trochees, with word-²nal closed syllables being treated as "heavy" and thus receiving primary stress, and (ii) that other modern patterns developed quite independently in a number of languages. 1. INTRODUCTION. Gallons of ink have been expended on reconstructing the phonemic system of Proto-Oceanic (POc) and tracing the development of that system from Proto-Austronesian (PAn), on http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oceanic Linguistics University of Hawai'I Press

Reconstructing Proto-Oceanic Stress

Oceanic Linguistics , Volume 39 (1) – Jan 6, 2000

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Publisher
University of Hawai'I Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 University of Hawai'i Press
ISSN
1527-9421
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Abstract

John Lynch university of the south pacific Proto-Oceanic (POc) probably did not have a vowel length contrast. Little work has been done on stress in POc, "but phonologically conservative languages generally agree in displaying primary stress on the penultimate syllable and secondary stress on every second syllable preceding the penultimate, and this was probably the POc pattern" (Ross 1998:18), a view held by most Oceanists. Recent research within Oceanic, however, suggests that patterns of regular penultimate-syllable stress are not as widespread throughout the family as was initially thought, and that certain interstage protolanguages need to be reconstructed with something other than regular penultimate-syllable stress and something other than the pattern exhibited by their daughter languages. By investigating stress patterns in a wide range of Oceanic languages, I show (i) that POc stress was probably assigned on the basis of moraic rather than syllabic trochees, with word-²nal closed syllables being treated as "heavy" and thus receiving primary stress, and (ii) that other modern patterns developed quite independently in a number of languages. 1. INTRODUCTION. Gallons of ink have been expended on reconstructing the phonemic system of Proto-Oceanic (POc) and tracing the development of that system from Proto-Austronesian (PAn), on

Journal

Oceanic LinguisticsUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Jan 6, 2000

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