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Pure Experience In Question: William James in the Philosophies of Nishida KitarŌ and Alfred North Whitehead

Pure Experience In Question: William James in the Philosophies of Nishida KitarŌ and Alfred North... PURE EXPERIENCE IN QUESTION: WILLIAM JAMES IN THE PHILOSOPHIES OF NISHIDA KITAR AND ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD Department of East Asian Studies, McGill University harumiosaki@hotmail.com Comparisons of non-Western and Western philosophers often adopt a nation-based framework that has tended to posit difference entirely between national cultures while presuming unity and homogeneity within them. There are a number of problems with such a framework. First, the assumption that national cultures are unitary and homogeneous is demonstrably false. Second, the framework of comparison frequently shifts to Western philosophy versus non-Western philosophy, sometimes articulated at the level of nations ( Japan versus the West, for instance), and sometimes civilizations (Eastern versus Western philosophies). As Naoki Sakai has shown, insofar as such a framework presupposes the unity, homogeneity, and naturalness of the West, it introduces a paradigm in which the West is articulated as universal, and other cultures as particulars (Sakai 1989, p. 95). Third, when non-Western thinkers oppose the particularity of their national cultures to the universality of the West, such particularism cannot but be complicit with the universalism it allegedly challenges (p. 105). The question of how to move beyond the framework of the universal and particular when dealing with the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Philosophy East and West University of Hawai'I Press

Pure Experience In Question: William James in the Philosophies of Nishida KitarŌ and Alfred North Whitehead

Philosophy East and West , Volume 65 (4) – Oct 23, 2015

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Publisher
University of Hawai'I Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 University of Hawai'i Press.
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1529-1898
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Abstract

PURE EXPERIENCE IN QUESTION: WILLIAM JAMES IN THE PHILOSOPHIES OF NISHIDA KITAR AND ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD Department of East Asian Studies, McGill University harumiosaki@hotmail.com Comparisons of non-Western and Western philosophers often adopt a nation-based framework that has tended to posit difference entirely between national cultures while presuming unity and homogeneity within them. There are a number of problems with such a framework. First, the assumption that national cultures are unitary and homogeneous is demonstrably false. Second, the framework of comparison frequently shifts to Western philosophy versus non-Western philosophy, sometimes articulated at the level of nations ( Japan versus the West, for instance), and sometimes civilizations (Eastern versus Western philosophies). As Naoki Sakai has shown, insofar as such a framework presupposes the unity, homogeneity, and naturalness of the West, it introduces a paradigm in which the West is articulated as universal, and other cultures as particulars (Sakai 1989, p. 95). Third, when non-Western thinkers oppose the particularity of their national cultures to the universality of the West, such particularism cannot but be complicit with the universalism it allegedly challenges (p. 105). The question of how to move beyond the framework of the universal and particular when dealing with the

Journal

Philosophy East and WestUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Oct 23, 2015

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