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Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Nayrīzī and His Writings by Reza Pourjavady (review)

Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Nayrīzī and His Writings by Reza... " established,"theverybeginningsofsucha"systematic,coherentbodyofthought" mightbetracedtotheEasternHan,acenturyandahalfafterDonglived(p.40). Other scholars, such as Michael Nylan, have in recent years argued along similar lines.2Wehavethemtothankforpressingustothinkaboutthewordsweuse.Isa "Confucian"thesameasaRu(,,)?Isthisan"insiderversusoutsider" question,likewhether"Daoism"existedbeforeZhangLing,or"Christianity"before Paul?Oristhisamatteroftheslowamalgamationofmanystrandsofthought:of "classicists"()evolvinginto"Confucianists"()?Isuspectthatifwedefine ourterms,thequestionwillansweritself. Notes 1­Michael Loewe, A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods, 221 b.c.­a.d. 24(LeidenandBoston:Brill,2000);The Men Who Governed Han China: Companion to ABiographicalDictionaryoftheQin,Former HanandXinPeriods(LeidenandBoston:Brill,2004). 2­MichaelNylan,"AProblematicModel:TheHan`OrthodoxSynthesis,'Thenand Now," in Imagining Boundaries: Changing Confucian Doctrines, Texts, and Hermeneutics,ed.Kai-wingChow,On-choNg,andJohnHenderson(NewYork: StateUniversityofNewYorkPress,1999),pp.17­56. Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dn Mamd al-Nayrz and His Writings. By Reza Pourjavady. Islamic Philosophy,Theology and Science.Texts and Studies, vol.82.Leiden:Brill,2011.Pp.xi+224.Hardcover$136.00,isbn9789004191730. eBook96.00. ReviewedbyJanis Eshots UniversityofLatvia jeshots@inbox.l InthestudyofthehistoryofIslamicphilosophy,mostresearchershavefocusedon certain distinguished figures and/or periods during which some highly remarkable developmentstookplace.Itisprobablyforthisreasonthatuntilveryrecentlythe period between Nar al-Dn s (597/1201­672/1274) and Mull adr (ca.79/1571­1045/1636or1050/1640)attractedrelativelylittleattention twas --i almostcommonlybelievedthat,duetocertainunfavorablehistoricalcircumstances, philosophicalthoughtmadefew,ifany,majorbreakthroughsduringthesethreecenturies.Iwillnotsaythatthisopinionisabsolutelywrong fterall,itisevidentthat --a thisperioddidnotproduceanythinkercomparableinstatuswithal-FrborMull adr. However, it is also evident that, in spite of the unfavorable circumstances ( invasions,wars,andgeneralinstabilityinmanypartsoftheMuslimworld,Iranin particular),Islamicphilosophycontinuedasalivingtradition.Thisisattestedbyits renaissance during the Safavid (1501­1722) era renaissance that continued, --a somebelieve,throughoutQajar(1796­1925)andevenPahlavi(1925­1979)rule. PhilosophyEast&WestVolume63,Number2April2013308­310 ©2013byUniversityofHawai`iPress Among the major philosophers of this age, one would mention Allma ill (s'sstudent,648/1250­726/1325),Qubal-DnRz(d.766/1364),SayyidSharf Jurjn (d. 816/1414), in al-Dn Al Turka Isfahn (770/1369­835/1432), Jall al-DnDawn(ca.830/1426­909/1504),andtwoDashtaks,adral-Dn(828/1425­ 903/1498)andhissonGhiythal-Dn(966/1461­949/1542).Astudentofthelatter, Mr Fakhr al-Dn Sammk (d. 984/1576), became the teacher of Mr Dmd (d.1041/1631) hus,thechainoftransmissionwasneverbroken. --t Inhiselegantbook Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dn Mamd alNayrz and His Writings,RezaPourjavadyintroducesustoahithertolittleknown http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Philosophy East and West University of Hawai'I Press

Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Nayrīzī and His Writings by Reza Pourjavady (review)

Philosophy East and West , Volume 63 (2) – May 9, 2013

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Abstract

" established,"theverybeginningsofsucha"systematic,coherentbodyofthought" mightbetracedtotheEasternHan,acenturyandahalfafterDonglived(p.40). Other scholars, such as Michael Nylan, have in recent years argued along similar lines.2Wehavethemtothankforpressingustothinkaboutthewordsweuse.Isa "Confucian"thesameasaRu(,,)?Isthisan"insiderversusoutsider" question,likewhether"Daoism"existedbeforeZhangLing,or"Christianity"before Paul?Oristhisamatteroftheslowamalgamationofmanystrandsofthought:of "classicists"()evolvinginto"Confucianists"()?Isuspectthatifwedefine ourterms,thequestionwillansweritself. Notes 1­Michael Loewe, A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods, 221 b.c.­a.d. 24(LeidenandBoston:Brill,2000);The Men Who Governed Han China: Companion to ABiographicalDictionaryoftheQin,Former HanandXinPeriods(LeidenandBoston:Brill,2004). 2­MichaelNylan,"AProblematicModel:TheHan`OrthodoxSynthesis,'Thenand Now," in Imagining Boundaries: Changing Confucian Doctrines, Texts, and Hermeneutics,ed.Kai-wingChow,On-choNg,andJohnHenderson(NewYork: StateUniversityofNewYorkPress,1999),pp.17­56. Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dn Mamd al-Nayrz and His Writings. By Reza Pourjavady. Islamic Philosophy,Theology and Science.Texts and Studies, vol.82.Leiden:Brill,2011.Pp.xi+224.Hardcover$136.00,isbn9789004191730. eBook96.00. ReviewedbyJanis Eshots UniversityofLatvia jeshots@inbox.l InthestudyofthehistoryofIslamicphilosophy,mostresearchershavefocusedon certain distinguished figures and/or periods during which some highly remarkable developmentstookplace.Itisprobablyforthisreasonthatuntilveryrecentlythe period between Nar al-Dn s (597/1201­672/1274) and Mull adr (ca.79/1571­1045/1636or1050/1640)attractedrelativelylittleattention twas --i almostcommonlybelievedthat,duetocertainunfavorablehistoricalcircumstances, philosophicalthoughtmadefew,ifany,majorbreakthroughsduringthesethreecenturies.Iwillnotsaythatthisopinionisabsolutelywrong fterall,itisevidentthat --a thisperioddidnotproduceanythinkercomparableinstatuswithal-FrborMull adr. However, it is also evident that, in spite of the unfavorable circumstances ( invasions,wars,andgeneralinstabilityinmanypartsoftheMuslimworld,Iranin particular),Islamicphilosophycontinuedasalivingtradition.Thisisattestedbyits renaissance during the Safavid (1501­1722) era renaissance that continued, --a somebelieve,throughoutQajar(1796­1925)andevenPahlavi(1925­1979)rule. PhilosophyEast&WestVolume63,Number2April2013308­310 ©2013byUniversityofHawai`iPress Among the major philosophers of this age, one would mention Allma ill (s'sstudent,648/1250­726/1325),Qubal-DnRz(d.766/1364),SayyidSharf Jurjn (d. 816/1414), in al-Dn Al Turka Isfahn (770/1369­835/1432), Jall al-DnDawn(ca.830/1426­909/1504),andtwoDashtaks,adral-Dn(828/1425­ 903/1498)andhissonGhiythal-Dn(966/1461­949/1542).Astudentofthelatter, Mr Fakhr al-Dn Sammk (d. 984/1576), became the teacher of Mr Dmd (d.1041/1631) hus,thechainoftransmissionwasneverbroken. --t Inhiselegantbook Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Dn Mamd alNayrz and His Writings,RezaPourjavadyintroducesustoahithertolittleknown

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Philosophy East and WestUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: May 9, 2013

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