66 China Review International: Vol. 4, No. 1, Spring 1997 new techniques and ideas. But the varying aims and goals of learning and teaching mathematics at the Chinese court and in the local scholarly communities did not permit the creation of a total and unified vision of its uses. Focusing on "mathematics" and its relation to "Western studies" (xixue), the author shows that the Jesuits taught Chinese scholars very few of those branches of learning considered essential to the progress of European science, suggesting that this was due to the fact that their primary aim was to convert Chinese people to Christianity. On the other hand, the Kangxi emperor used the new Western sciences mainly to enhance the position of the traditional calendar and the Chinese emperor, with little regard for the broader scientific and spiritual teachings of the Jesuits. This volume belongs in the libraries of those with a special interest in the East Asian sciences, and is also for those with an interest in comparative studies in the history of science, and in the ways science is part of the society, politics, and intellectual life of the past. Lowell Skar University of Pennsylvania Lowell Skar is
China Review International – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Mar 30, 1997
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