Inclusory Pronominals1 Frantisek Lichtenberk university of auckland Many Austronesian (and other) languages contain one or more syntactic constructions of the following basic kinds: peter we(dual) went fishing and/ or peter we(dual)-went fishing, which can be glossed as `Peter and I went ²shing' or `I went ²shing with Peter'. The independent pronoun or the dependent pronominal (such as an af²x) identi²es a set of participants that includes the one or those referred to by the lexical noun phrase. Pronominal forms with this function are "inclusory." Constructions with inclusory pronominals have usually been analyzed as coordinate or comitative. The purpose of the paper is a detailed investigation of the syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of the two types of inclusory-pronominal construction found in Toqabaqita, arguing that they are neither coordinate nor comitative. One type is a noun phrase with the inclusory pronoun as its head and the lexical noun phrase as its modi²er. In the other type, the inclusory function is borne by a dependent pronominal. It is mismatch in the values of morphosyntactic features that identi²es constructions of the latter type as inclusory. This also shows that dependent pronominals may be independently meaningful rather than merely agreement phenomena. 1.
Oceanic Linguistics – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Jan 6, 2000