<p>Abstract:</p><p>In Arabic, the word <i>al-makÄn</i> means both 'place' and 'space.' This essay explores how al-á¸¤asan ibn al-Haytham (b. 354 a.h./a.d. 965) contributed to the development of the scientific mindset. Until his time, philosophers and scientistsâfollowing Aristotle's 'topos'âhad operated with the concept of <i>al-makÄn</i> as a notion that means 'place.' Ibn al-Haytham rejected this, criticizing his forebears and contemporaries. In his elaborated theory of <i>al-makÄn</i> he introduced the idea of <i>al-ab'Äd al-mutakhayyila</i>, which means 'imaginary dimensions.' He thereby moved the concept to mean 'space,' which became fully adopted by the time of Newton.</p>
Philosophy East and West – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Oct 3, 2019
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