Flawed Subjectivities: Cyril of Alexandria and Mahāyāna Buddhism on Individual Volition, Sin, and Karma

Flawed Subjectivities: Cyril of Alexandria and Mahāyāna Buddhism on Individual Volition, Sin,... : Cyril of Alexandria and Mahāyāna Buddhism on Individual Volition, Sin, and Karma Thomas Cattoi Jesuit School of Theology at Santa Clara University What is wrong with the world? What is wrong with us? In his magisterial work Religion in Human Evolution, Robert Bellah charts the transformation of the religious imagination of humanity around the fifth century bce that marked a shift in the approach to religious practice from primarily transactional to ethical and transformative.1 Before the so-called Axial Age, religious rituals were performed to obtain practical favors from deities and supernatural forces; later on, religious practice acquired a moral dimension that was closely associated with the policing of individual behavior and simultaneously reflected an increasing preoccupation with existential questions such as the cause and meaning of suffering and death. In other words, most human cultures, despite vast differences in social, cultural and economic conditions, came to the conclusion that something was “off” with the world and that perhaps religion could do something to alleviate or overcome this problem.2 Bella views the Axial Age as the catalyst for the emergence of all major religious traditions that have accompanied humanity for the past twenty-five centuries, and that have continued http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Buddhist-Christian Studies University of Hawai'I Press

Flawed Subjectivities: Cyril of Alexandria and Mahāyāna Buddhism on Individual Volition, Sin, and Karma

Buddhist-Christian Studies, Volume 37 – Oct 28, 2017

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Publisher
University of Hawai'I Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 The University of Hawai'i Press.
ISSN
1527-9472
Publisher site
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Abstract

: Cyril of Alexandria and Mahāyāna Buddhism on Individual Volition, Sin, and Karma Thomas Cattoi Jesuit School of Theology at Santa Clara University What is wrong with the world? What is wrong with us? In his magisterial work Religion in Human Evolution, Robert Bellah charts the transformation of the religious imagination of humanity around the fifth century bce that marked a shift in the approach to religious practice from primarily transactional to ethical and transformative.1 Before the so-called Axial Age, religious rituals were performed to obtain practical favors from deities and supernatural forces; later on, religious practice acquired a moral dimension that was closely associated with the policing of individual behavior and simultaneously reflected an increasing preoccupation with existential questions such as the cause and meaning of suffering and death. In other words, most human cultures, despite vast differences in social, cultural and economic conditions, came to the conclusion that something was “off” with the world and that perhaps religion could do something to alleviate or overcome this problem.2 Bella views the Axial Age as the catalyst for the emergence of all major religious traditions that have accompanied humanity for the past twenty-five centuries, and that have continued

Journal

Buddhist-Christian StudiesUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Oct 28, 2017

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