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Events in Madurese Reciprocals

Events in Madurese Reciprocals Events in Madurese Reciprocals1 William D. Davies university of iowa This paper examines the two manners of forming reciprocal meaning in Madurese, each of which is based on elements that are used for nonreciprocal meaning. Although the two constructions appear to have little in common formally, I argue that they do share an important semantic property that makes them particularly suited to forming reciprocals. This property is that they are used to describe discrete multiple events, precisely the type of situation that obtains in reciprocal meaning. Therefore, these constructions are selected rather than other cidate constructions that show plural activity but crucially are not used for discrete multiple events. The properties of the various cidate constructions are explicitly contrasted in some detail. Finally, I demonstrate the special syntactic characteristics of the reciprocals that distinguish them from the nonreciprocal uses, properties that indicate that the reciprocals have been grammaticized. 1. INTRODUCTION. Madurese has two disparate means of forming reciprocals--one is a reduplication strategy, illustrated in (1), the other makes use of the morpheme , as in (2).2 (1) Ali kolpokol-an. A H red.hit-an `Ali hit each other.' (2) Ali pokol. A H hit `Ali hit each other.' The two http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oceanic Linguistics University of Hawai'I Press

Events in Madurese Reciprocals

Oceanic Linguistics , Volume 39 (1) – Jan 6, 2000

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Publisher
University of Hawai'I Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 University of Hawai'i Press
ISSN
1527-9421
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Abstract

Events in Madurese Reciprocals1 William D. Davies university of iowa This paper examines the two manners of forming reciprocal meaning in Madurese, each of which is based on elements that are used for nonreciprocal meaning. Although the two constructions appear to have little in common formally, I argue that they do share an important semantic property that makes them particularly suited to forming reciprocals. This property is that they are used to describe discrete multiple events, precisely the type of situation that obtains in reciprocal meaning. Therefore, these constructions are selected rather than other cidate constructions that show plural activity but crucially are not used for discrete multiple events. The properties of the various cidate constructions are explicitly contrasted in some detail. Finally, I demonstrate the special syntactic characteristics of the reciprocals that distinguish them from the nonreciprocal uses, properties that indicate that the reciprocals have been grammaticized. 1. INTRODUCTION. Madurese has two disparate means of forming reciprocals--one is a reduplication strategy, illustrated in (1), the other makes use of the morpheme , as in (2).2 (1) Ali kolpokol-an. A H red.hit-an `Ali hit each other.' (2) Ali pokol. A H hit `Ali hit each other.' The two

Journal

Oceanic LinguisticsUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Jan 6, 2000

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