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Ethics in Early China: An Anthology ed. by Chris Fraser, Dan Robins, and Timothy O'Leary (review)

Ethics in Early China: An Anthology ed. by Chris Fraser, Dan Robins, and Timothy O'Leary (review) howexemplarismmightbeusedininterpretingotherearlyChinesetexts specially --e textsthatpresentalternativedepictionsofConfucius.Thiswouldforegroundissues suchashowthemoralagentadjudicatesbetweencompetingdescriptionsofanexemplar and whether or not historical figures are required to bridge the cinematic distance literary figures might present ssues touched on only briefly in Moral --i Exemplars (pp.15,105,and195n.30).ItwouldalsobringOlberding'stheoryinto broaderengagementwiththescholarshipontheroleofparadigmaticfiguresdoneby othersworkingwithdifferentChinesetexts.2 Lastly,Olberdingshouldbecommendedforherstyleofwritingandthewayin whichhercreativitywillbegenerativeforothers.Moral Exemplars in the Analectsis anengagingread.ItbringstheAnalects tolifeandencouragesitsreaderstoreturnto theAnalects withfresheyes. Notes 1­Olberding'sideaof"personalstyle"comesupinseveralplacesinMoral Exem plars(theappendixcitesoverfiftypages).Shepresentsasystematicaccountof thisconceptin"TheEducativeFunctionofPersonalStyleintheAnalects,"Philosophy East and West 57, no. 3 (July 2007): 357­374, and " Ascending the ` Hall':StyleandMoralImprovementintheAnalects,"Philosophy East and West 59,no.4(October2009):503­522. 2­ThiswouldincludeAntonioCua'sworkonparadigmaticindividualsinDimen sions of Moral Creativity: Paradigms, Principles, and Ideals (University Park: PennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress,1978),andRobertEno'snotionofan"ethics ofcharacter"in"CasuistryandCharacterintheMencius,"inMencius: Contexts and Interpretations,ed.AlanK.L.Chan(Honolulu:UniversityofHawai`iPress, 2002),pp.189­215. Ethics in Early China: An Anthology.EditedbyChrisFraser,DanRobins,andTimothy O'Leary.HongKong:HongKongUniversityPress,2011.Pp.vii+312.Paper$30.00, isbn9789888028931. ReviewedbyJudson Murray WrightStateUniversity judson.murray@wright.edu Ethics in Early China: An Anthologyisamajorcontributiontothephilosophicalstudy ofearlyChineseethicsandcomparativeethicsbyacollectionofsomeofthemost distinguishedscholarsinthesefields.ThisanthologyhonorsProfessorChadHansen's manyandimportantcontributionstothestudyofChinesephilosophy,butthework isnotafestschriftperse.Insteadofdiscussingthehonoree'soeuvreinacollectionof essays,thesenew,innovative,andoutstandingwritingsengage,bearupon,develop, and contend with important themes in Hansen's work, including, for example, H ansen'sprovocativeinterpretationsofthemeaningsofdaoanddeinearly PhilosophyEast&WestVolume63,Number3July2013442­446 ©2013byUniversityofHawai`iPress Chinesesources,hisanalysisoftheaction-guidingfunctionoflanguagefortheearly Chinese,hisrequirementswarrantingmoraltraditionrespect,andhiscritiqueofthe Confucianethicaltraditionanditsarguments.Ethics in Early China,likeHansen's philosophical interests, is ambitious and wide-ranging in its scope, encompassing discussionsrelatingto,inter alia,virtueethics,normativeethics,consequentialism, ethicalnaturalism,moralmotivation,andcomparativeethics.Collectively,itsessays alsosurveydifferenttechniquesofmoralcultivationemployedbytheearlyChinese, such as verbal instruction, normative persuasion, rituals, music, poetry, athletics, modelemulation,andmaterialincentivesanddisincentives. Thework'sdiversecontentsdo,however,jointlypursuetwospecificobjectives. ThefirstistoprovidephilosophicallynuancedandsophisticatedanalysesofdimensionsofearlyChineseethicaltheoryandpracticethat,inthecontributors'opinions, heretoforehavebeen"underexamined."Thesecondobjectiveistounderscoreand explicatethedistinctivenessoftheChineseethicaltradition,ratherthanallowittobe readthroughthelensofWesternethicalassumptions,conceptsandvalues,andphilosophicaltheories.Overall,thevolumesucceedsinbothrespects. To accomplish its goals the anthology consists of two divisions that proceed alongdifferentyetcomplementarycourses."PartOne:NewReadings"iscomprised ofsevenessaysthatanalyzenoteworthysubjectsandpointsofviewinpre-imperial, earlyChineseethicalthought.Forexample,ManyulImexaminesconsequentialist moralcalculationspresentinMencius'ethicalreasoning.FranklinPerkinsconsiders Mencius' defense of the early Ru (Classicist/Confucian) tradition against rival p hilosophical criticisms, specifically the "Mohist challenge." Chris Fraser explores thethemeofmoralmotivationinMohistethicaldisputationandpractice.DanRobinsexplainswhatitmeantforearlyDaoiststo"gobeyondskill"inanorm-governed way (dao) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Philosophy East and West University of Hawai'I Press

Ethics in Early China: An Anthology ed. by Chris Fraser, Dan Robins, and Timothy O'Leary (review)

Philosophy East and West , Volume 63 (3) – Jul 17, 2013

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Abstract

howexemplarismmightbeusedininterpretingotherearlyChinesetexts specially --e textsthatpresentalternativedepictionsofConfucius.Thiswouldforegroundissues suchashowthemoralagentadjudicatesbetweencompetingdescriptionsofanexemplar and whether or not historical figures are required to bridge the cinematic distance literary figures might present ssues touched on only briefly in Moral --i Exemplars (pp.15,105,and195n.30).ItwouldalsobringOlberding'stheoryinto broaderengagementwiththescholarshipontheroleofparadigmaticfiguresdoneby othersworkingwithdifferentChinesetexts.2 Lastly,Olberdingshouldbecommendedforherstyleofwritingandthewayin whichhercreativitywillbegenerativeforothers.Moral Exemplars in the Analectsis anengagingread.ItbringstheAnalects tolifeandencouragesitsreaderstoreturnto theAnalects withfresheyes. Notes 1­Olberding'sideaof"personalstyle"comesupinseveralplacesinMoral Exem plars(theappendixcitesoverfiftypages).Shepresentsasystematicaccountof thisconceptin"TheEducativeFunctionofPersonalStyleintheAnalects,"Philosophy East and West 57, no. 3 (July 2007): 357­374, and " Ascending the ` Hall':StyleandMoralImprovementintheAnalects,"Philosophy East and West 59,no.4(October2009):503­522. 2­ThiswouldincludeAntonioCua'sworkonparadigmaticindividualsinDimen sions of Moral Creativity: Paradigms, Principles, and Ideals (University Park: PennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress,1978),andRobertEno'snotionofan"ethics ofcharacter"in"CasuistryandCharacterintheMencius,"inMencius: Contexts and Interpretations,ed.AlanK.L.Chan(Honolulu:UniversityofHawai`iPress, 2002),pp.189­215. Ethics in Early China: An Anthology.EditedbyChrisFraser,DanRobins,andTimothy O'Leary.HongKong:HongKongUniversityPress,2011.Pp.vii+312.Paper$30.00, isbn9789888028931. ReviewedbyJudson Murray WrightStateUniversity judson.murray@wright.edu Ethics in Early China: An Anthologyisamajorcontributiontothephilosophicalstudy ofearlyChineseethicsandcomparativeethicsbyacollectionofsomeofthemost distinguishedscholarsinthesefields.ThisanthologyhonorsProfessorChadHansen's manyandimportantcontributionstothestudyofChinesephilosophy,butthework isnotafestschriftperse.Insteadofdiscussingthehonoree'soeuvreinacollectionof essays,thesenew,innovative,andoutstandingwritingsengage,bearupon,develop, and contend with important themes in Hansen's work, including, for example, H ansen'sprovocativeinterpretationsofthemeaningsofdaoanddeinearly PhilosophyEast&WestVolume63,Number3July2013442­446 ©2013byUniversityofHawai`iPress Chinesesources,hisanalysisoftheaction-guidingfunctionoflanguagefortheearly Chinese,hisrequirementswarrantingmoraltraditionrespect,andhiscritiqueofthe Confucianethicaltraditionanditsarguments.Ethics in Early China,likeHansen's philosophical interests, is ambitious and wide-ranging in its scope, encompassing discussionsrelatingto,inter alia,virtueethics,normativeethics,consequentialism, ethicalnaturalism,moralmotivation,andcomparativeethics.Collectively,itsessays alsosurveydifferenttechniquesofmoralcultivationemployedbytheearlyChinese, such as verbal instruction, normative persuasion, rituals, music, poetry, athletics, modelemulation,andmaterialincentivesanddisincentives. Thework'sdiversecontentsdo,however,jointlypursuetwospecificobjectives. ThefirstistoprovidephilosophicallynuancedandsophisticatedanalysesofdimensionsofearlyChineseethicaltheoryandpracticethat,inthecontributors'opinions, heretoforehavebeen"underexamined."Thesecondobjectiveistounderscoreand explicatethedistinctivenessoftheChineseethicaltradition,ratherthanallowittobe readthroughthelensofWesternethicalassumptions,conceptsandvalues,andphilosophicaltheories.Overall,thevolumesucceedsinbothrespects. To accomplish its goals the anthology consists of two divisions that proceed alongdifferentyetcomplementarycourses."PartOne:NewReadings"iscomprised ofsevenessaysthatanalyzenoteworthysubjectsandpointsofviewinpre-imperial, earlyChineseethicalthought.Forexample,ManyulImexaminesconsequentialist moralcalculationspresentinMencius'ethicalreasoning.FranklinPerkinsconsiders Mencius' defense of the early Ru (Classicist/Confucian) tradition against rival p hilosophical criticisms, specifically the "Mohist challenge." Chris Fraser explores thethemeofmoralmotivationinMohistethicaldisputationandpractice.DanRobinsexplainswhatitmeantforearlyDaoiststo"gobeyondskill"inanorm-governed way (dao)

Journal

Philosophy East and WestUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Jul 17, 2013

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