<p>Abstract:</p><p>This essay contrasts NyÄya-VaiÅeá¹£ika and Buddhist explanations of attention. Section 1 lays out the ontological postulates that NyÄya-VaiÅeá¹£ikas and Buddhists deemed necessary for the explanation of attention. Section 2 looks at three arguments that the NyÄya-VaiÅeá¹£ikas gave for their principal postulate, the manas, and three corresponding Buddhist responses to these arguments. Sections 3 and 4 look at contrasting NyÄya-VaiÅeá¹£ika and Buddhist explanations of, respectively, "shifts of attention" and "competition for attention." Section 5 considers whether the Buddhist model can adequately account for voluntary or endogenous attention, and whether the NyÄya-VaiÅeá¹£ika model can adequately account for involuntary or exogenous attention. The final section identifies three things that are commonly attributed to attention and that may seem impossible in both the NyÄya-VaiÅeá¹£ika and the Buddhist models; it shows how the two Indian models can account for them.</p>
Philosophy East and West – University of Hawai'I Press
Published: Feb 15, 2019
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