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Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Meeting September 28-October 1, 2011 San Francisco, California: Abstracts for Oral Presentations and Posters

Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Meeting September 28-October 1, 2011 San... Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Meeting September 28­October 1, 2011 San Francisco, California Abstracts for Oral Presentations and Posters Also available online at http://www.geographyua.org/apcg11/abstracts2011.pdf Oral Presentation Abstracts Heather R. Agnew, heatheragnew@csu.fullerton.edu, California State University, Fullerton. Beasts of Burden or Empowered Entrepreneurs: Examining Agency and Female Drug Traffickers. Since the early 1970s, the American-led war on drugs has transcended international borders with the objective of eliminating American drug demand. As drug policies have emphasized interdiction as a supply-side solution, increased security measures to curb supply have failed to deter drug traffickers, who have circumvented these controls through innovative distribution techniques. Drug cartels, once male-dominated, now rely on a stable supply of female couriers as human containers to move products from the Third World to the First. I examine how international drug cartels rely upon geographically based gender and cultural stereotypes to facilitate drug trafficking and how these stereotypes have reconstructed a new, dominant, drug-mule profile as female. Situating my study within the context of globalization, I argue that this new profile places the female body within international security debates about drug trafficking and terrorism in the context of the post-9/11 security state, making women the newest targets in http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers University of Hawai'I Press

Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Meeting September 28-October 1, 2011 San Francisco, California: Abstracts for Oral Presentations and Posters

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Publisher
University of Hawai'I Press
Copyright
Copyright © University of Hawai'i Press.
ISSN
1551-3211
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Abstract

Association of Pacific Coast Geographers Annual Meeting September 28­October 1, 2011 San Francisco, California Abstracts for Oral Presentations and Posters Also available online at http://www.geographyua.org/apcg11/abstracts2011.pdf Oral Presentation Abstracts Heather R. Agnew, heatheragnew@csu.fullerton.edu, California State University, Fullerton. Beasts of Burden or Empowered Entrepreneurs: Examining Agency and Female Drug Traffickers. Since the early 1970s, the American-led war on drugs has transcended international borders with the objective of eliminating American drug demand. As drug policies have emphasized interdiction as a supply-side solution, increased security measures to curb supply have failed to deter drug traffickers, who have circumvented these controls through innovative distribution techniques. Drug cartels, once male-dominated, now rely on a stable supply of female couriers as human containers to move products from the Third World to the First. I examine how international drug cartels rely upon geographically based gender and cultural stereotypes to facilitate drug trafficking and how these stereotypes have reconstructed a new, dominant, drug-mule profile as female. Situating my study within the context of globalization, I argue that this new profile places the female body within international security debates about drug trafficking and terrorism in the context of the post-9/11 security state, making women the newest targets in

Journal

Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast GeographersUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Aug 11, 2012

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