Abstract 1. Bipolar cells were isolated from adult rat retinas after enzymatic and mechanical treatment. The cells could be unequivocally identified from their morphology because of high retention of their axon and dendritic processes after isolation. 2. Protein kinase C (PKC) immunoreactivity performed on sections of the rat retina labeled rod bipolar cells and a few amacrine cells. Virtually all bipolar cells in the dissociates expressed PKC immunoreactivity and were, therefore, rod bipolar cells. 3. Rod bipolar cells were examined with the tight-seal whole-cell and excised-patch recording techniques. Resting potentials of the isolated cells recorded under current-clamp conditions showed a broad unimodal distribution around -37 mV. 4. Membrane depolarization from a holding potential of -90 mV resulted in an outward current. A fast sodium inward current was not observed. Membrane hyperpolarization from a holding potential of -40 mV activated an inwardly rectifying current. 5. gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine, the putative retinal neurotransmitters that mediate the bipolar cells' receptive field surround in vivo, activated chloride conductances in almost all isolated bipolar cells. GABA- and glycine-evoked currents were both desensitizing and could be antagonized by the classical blockers bicuculline, picrotoxin, and strychnine, respectively. 6. Pressure application of the drugs from fine microcapillaries to various parts of the isolated cells suggests a high GABA sensitivity at the axonal endings compared with either the somatic or dendritic region. A similar distribution was not found for glycine. On the contrary, glycine-induced single-channel events with main conductances of 52 and 34 pS were recorded from membrane patches excised from the cells' somata. 7. Conductances induced by glutamate and several excitatory amino acid agonists were observed in a number of the cells. Application of the glutamate agonist 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (APB) induced an inward current at negative holding potentials associated with the opening of ion channels. In only 5 of 93 cells, APB closed ion channels, leading to a decrease in membrane conductance. Copyright © 1990 the American Physiological Society
Journal of Neurophysiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: Apr 1, 1990
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera