Abstract We previously reported that rats exposed to repeated restraint (3 h/day for 3 days) experience temporary hypophagia and a sustained reduction in body weight compared with nonrestrained controls. Studies described here determined the involvement of central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors in the initiation of this chronic response to acute stress. In experiment 1 , Sprague-Dawley rats were fitted with cannulas in the lateral ventricle and infused with 50 μg of αhCRF-(9—41) or saline immediately before restraint on each of the 3 days of restraint. The receptor antagonist inhibited hypophagia and weight loss on day 1 of restraint but not on days 2 and 3 . In experiment 2 , 10 μg of αhCRF-(9—41) or saline were infused into the third ventricle immediately before each restraint. The receptor antagonist totally blocked stress-induced hypophagia and weight loss. These results demonstrate that CRF receptors located in or near the hypothalamus mediate the acute responses to stress that lead to a permanent change in the hormonal or metabolic processes that determine body weight and body composition. αhCRF-(9—41) restraint stress food intake Footnotes Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: R. B. S. Harris, PBRC, 6400 Perkins Rd., Baton Rouge, LA 70808 (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “ advertisement ” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. §1734 solely to indicate this fact. Copyright © 1999 the American Physiological Society
AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: May 1, 1999
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