Physiology of penile erection

Physiology of penile erection Physiology KARL-ERIK of Penile Erection AND GORM WAGNER ANDERSSON Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; and Department Physiology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark of Medical I. Introduction .............................................................................. II. Anatomy and Morphological Basis of Erection ............................................... A. Grossanatomy ........................................................................ B. Retractor penis muscle ................................................................. C. Blood supply .......................................................................... D. Smooth muscle of the corpus cavernosum and corpus spongiosum .......................... III. Hemodynamics of Erection ................................................................ IV. Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Erection ............................................. A. Peripheral control ..................................................................... B. Central control ........................................................................ V. In Vitro Studies of Penile Erectile Tissue .................................................... VI. Peripheral Neurotransmission and Mechanisms of Activation ................................... A. Electrophysiology ...................................................................... B. Myogenic activity ...................................................................... C. Consequences of interference with ion channels ........................................... D. Adrenergic mechanisms ................................................................ E. Cholinergic mechanisms ................................................................ F. Nonadrenergic noncholinergic mechanisms ............................................... VII. Effects of Sexual Hormones ................................................................ A. Centraleffects ........................................................................ B. Peripheraleffects.. .................................................................... VIII. Conclusion.. ............................................................................. I. INTRODUCTION Penile erection results from a complex interplay between central nervous (cerebral and spinal) and local factors. Several aspects of these interactions have been the subject of recent reviews (e.g., Refs. 24, 28, 30, 65, 126, 221, 223, 431, 459, 470, 474, 664). This review gives a brief account of the morphological basis http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physiological Reviews The American Physiological Society

Physiology of penile erection

Physiological Reviews, Volume 75: 191 – Jan 1, 1995

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Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0031-9333
eISSN
1522-1210
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Physiology KARL-ERIK of Penile Erection AND GORM WAGNER ANDERSSON Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; and Department Physiology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark of Medical I. Introduction .............................................................................. II. Anatomy and Morphological Basis of Erection ............................................... A. Grossanatomy ........................................................................ B. Retractor penis muscle ................................................................. C. Blood supply .......................................................................... D. Smooth muscle of the corpus cavernosum and corpus spongiosum .......................... III. Hemodynamics of Erection ................................................................ IV. Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Erection ............................................. A. Peripheral control ..................................................................... B. Central control ........................................................................ V. In Vitro Studies of Penile Erectile Tissue .................................................... VI. Peripheral Neurotransmission and Mechanisms of Activation ................................... A. Electrophysiology ...................................................................... B. Myogenic activity ...................................................................... C. Consequences of interference with ion channels ........................................... D. Adrenergic mechanisms ................................................................ E. Cholinergic mechanisms ................................................................ F. Nonadrenergic noncholinergic mechanisms ............................................... VII. Effects of Sexual Hormones ................................................................ A. Centraleffects ........................................................................ B. Peripheraleffects.. .................................................................... VIII. Conclusion.. ............................................................................. I. INTRODUCTION Penile erection results from a complex interplay between central nervous (cerebral and spinal) and local factors. Several aspects of these interactions have been the subject of recent reviews (e.g., Refs. 24, 28, 30, 65, 126, 221, 223, 431, 459, 470, 474, 664). This review gives a brief account of the morphological basis

Journal

Physiological ReviewsThe American Physiological Society

Published: Jan 1, 1995

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