Abstract Serine occupies a central position in folate-dependent, one-carbon metabolism through 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHF) and 5-formyltetrahydrofolate (FTHF). We characterized the ontogeny of the specific activity of key enzymes involved in serine, 5,10-MTHF, and 5-FTHF metabolism: methenyltetrahydrofolate synthetase (MTHFS), MTHF reductase (MTHFR), the glycine cleavage system (GCS), methionine synthase (MS), and serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) in rabbit liver, placenta, brain, and kidney. In liver, MTHFS activity is low in the fetus (0.36 ± 0.07 nmol · min −1 · mg protein −1 ), peaks at 3 wk (1.48 ± 0.50 nmol · min −1 · mg protein −1 ), and then decreases to adult levels (1.13 ± 0.32 nmol · min −1 · mg protein −1 ). MTHFR activity is highest early in gestation (24.9 ± 2.4 nmol · h −1 · mg protein −1 ) and declines rapidly by birth (4.7 ± 1.3 nmol · h −1 · mg protein −1 ). MS is highest during fetal life and declines after birth. Cytosolic SHMT activity does not vary during development, but mitochondrial SHMT peaks at 23 days. GCS activity is high in the fetus and the neonate, declining after weaning. In placenta and brain, all activities are low throughout gestation. Cytosolic and mitochondrial SHMT activities are low in kidney and rise after weaning, whereas MTHFS is low throughout development. These data suggest that the liver is the primary site of activity for these enzymes. Throughout development, there are multiple potential sources for production of 5,10-MTHF, but early in gestation high MTHFR activity and low MTHFS activity could reduce 5,10-MTHF availability. serine hydroxymethyltransferase methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase methenyltetrahydrofolate synthase methionine synthase tetrahydrofolate Footnotes Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: M. R. Narkewicz, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The Children's Hospital B290, 1056 East 19th Ave., Denver, CO 80218 (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “ advertisement ” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact. Copyright © 2001 the American Physiological Society
AJP - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: May 1, 2001
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera