Neuropeptide hormones as neurotrophic factors

Neuropeptide hormones as neurotrophic factors Hormones as Neurotrophic Science, New York University, Factors JUNE KUME, Y. GARRT New York, New York FLEUR L. STRAND, KENNH J. ROSE, LISA A. ZUCCARELLI, STEPHEN E. ALVES, FRANCIS J. ANTONAWICH, AND LARA and Center for Neural I. Introduction ........................................................................................ A. Neurotrophic factors ............................................................................ II. Specificity Versus Nonspecificity of Neurotrophic Factors ........................................ III. Characteristics of Neurotrophic Factors .......................................................... A. Initiation of growth and homeostatic maintenance ............................................ B. Selectivity of innervation ....................................................................... IV. Patterns of Growth, Fasciculation, and Innervation .............................................. A. Development .................................................................................... B. Regeneration .................................................................................... V. Role of Targ Cells ................................................................................ A. Time-dependent relationships bween neurons and targ cells .............................. B. Specific neurotrophic factors ................................................................... VI. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone Neuropeptides ............... A. Localization, processing, and extra-adrenal effects ............................................ B. Adrenocorticotropic hormone peptide fragments .............................................. C. Role in neuronal development: peripheral nervous system .................................... D. Role in development: central nervous system .................................................. E. Development of motor behavior ................................................................ F. Role in neuronal regeneration .................................................................. VII. Corticotropin-Releasing Factor .................................................................... ................................................................... VIII. Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone and Thyrotropin ................................................ ................................................................... B. Neurotrophic effects ............................................................................ C. Mechanism of thyrotropin-releasing hormone action .......................................... IX. Substance P ........................................................................................ ................................................................... B. Possible opposing effects on regeneration ...................................................... X. Growth Hormone ................................................................................... ................................................................... XI. Insulin .............................................................................................. XII. Somatostatin http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physiological Reviews The American Physiological Society

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Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0031-9333
eISSN
1522-1210
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Abstract

Hormones as Neurotrophic Science, New York University, Factors JUNE KUME, Y. GARRT New York, New York FLEUR L. STRAND, KENNH J. ROSE, LISA A. ZUCCARELLI, STEPHEN E. ALVES, FRANCIS J. ANTONAWICH, AND LARA and Center for Neural I. Introduction ........................................................................................ A. Neurotrophic factors ............................................................................ II. Specificity Versus Nonspecificity of Neurotrophic Factors ........................................ III. Characteristics of Neurotrophic Factors .......................................................... A. Initiation of growth and homeostatic maintenance ............................................ B. Selectivity of innervation ....................................................................... IV. Patterns of Growth, Fasciculation, and Innervation .............................................. A. Development .................................................................................... B. Regeneration .................................................................................... V. Role of Targ Cells ................................................................................ A. Time-dependent relationships bween neurons and targ cells .............................. B. Specific neurotrophic factors ................................................................... VI. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone Neuropeptides ............... A. Localization, processing, and extra-adrenal effects ............................................ B. Adrenocorticotropic hormone peptide fragments .............................................. C. Role in neuronal development: peripheral nervous system .................................... D. Role in development: central nervous system .................................................. E. Development of motor behavior ................................................................ F. Role in neuronal regeneration .................................................................. VII. Corticotropin-Releasing Factor .................................................................... ................................................................... VIII. Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone and Thyrotropin ................................................ ................................................................... B. Neurotrophic effects ............................................................................ C. Mechanism of thyrotropin-releasing hormone action .......................................... IX. Substance P ........................................................................................ ................................................................... B. Possible opposing effects on regeneration ...................................................... X. Growth Hormone ................................................................................... ................................................................... XI. Insulin .............................................................................................. XII. Somatostatin

Journal

Physiological ReviewsThe American Physiological Society

Published: Oct 1, 1991

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