Abstract Heightened cardiovascular risk among patients with systemic insulin resistance is not fully explained by the extent of atherosclerosis. It is unknown whether myocardial insulin resistance accompanies systemic insulin resistance and contributes to increased cardiovascular risk. This study utilized a porcine model of diet-induced obesity to determine if myocardial insulin resistance develops in parallel with systemic insulin resistance and investigated potential mechanisms for such changes. Micropigs ( n = 16) were assigned to control (low fat, no added sugars) or intervention (25% wt/wt coconut oil and 20% high-fructose corn syrup) diet for 7 mo. Intervention diet resulted in obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Systemic insulin resistance was manifest by elevated fasting glucose and insulin, abnormal response to intravenous glucose tolerance testing, and blunted skeletal muscle phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) activation and protein kinase B (Akt) phosphorylation in response to insulin. In myocardium, insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, PI 3-kinase activation, and Akt phosphorylation were also blunted in the intervention diet group. These findings were explained by increased myocardial content of p85α (regulatory subunit of PI 3-kinase), diminished association of PI 3-kinase with insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 in response to insulin, and increased serine-307 phosphorylation of IRS-1. Thus, in a porcine model of diet-induced obesity that recapitulates many characteristics of insulin-resistant patients, myocardial insulin resistance develops along with systemic insulin resistance and is associated with multiple abnormalities of insulin signaling.
AJP - Heart and Circulatory Physiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: Feb 1, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera