Molecular and cellular physiology of intracellular calcium stores

Molecular and cellular physiology of intracellular calcium stores TULLIO Department POZZAN, ROSARIO RIZZUTO, POMPEO VOLPE, AND JACOPO MELDOLESI Sciences, University of Padova, Consiglio Naxionale delle Ricerche Center Physiology, and Consiglio Naxionale delle Ricerche Center for the Study of Muscle Physiopathology, Padua; Institute of General Pathology, University of Messina, Messina; and Departments of Pharmacology and Biological and Technological Research, Scientific Institute S. Raflaele, University of Milano, Milan, Italy of Biomedical for the Study of Mitochondrial I. Introduction: Overview ............................................................................... II. Calcium Uptake ....................................................................................... A. Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium pumps .................................................... B. Other mechanisms of calcium uptake ............................................................. III. Calcium Storage: Calsequestrins and Calreticulins .................................................. IV. Calcium Release ....................................................................................... A. Endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum channels: inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and ryanodine B. Other mechanisms of calcium release ............................................................ V. Cytology of Calcium Stores ........................................................................... A. Endoplasmic reticulum ............................................................................ B. Other cellular structures .......................................................................... VI. Functional Heterogeneity of Calcium Stores ......................................................... A. Rapidly exchanging calcium pools ................................................................ B. Slowly exchanging calcium pools ................................................................. VII. Appendix: Methods for In Situ Study of Organelle Calcium ......................................... A. Total calcium ...................................................................................... B. Free ionized calcium ............................................................................... I. INTRODUCTION: OVERVIEW receptors Calcium is the most abundant cation in vertebrates (20-30 g/kg body wt, in humans) (23). The largest part of body Ca” is trapped in bones, where it http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physiological Reviews The American Physiological Society

Molecular and cellular physiology of intracellular calcium stores

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Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0031-9333
eISSN
1522-1210
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Abstract

TULLIO Department POZZAN, ROSARIO RIZZUTO, POMPEO VOLPE, AND JACOPO MELDOLESI Sciences, University of Padova, Consiglio Naxionale delle Ricerche Center Physiology, and Consiglio Naxionale delle Ricerche Center for the Study of Muscle Physiopathology, Padua; Institute of General Pathology, University of Messina, Messina; and Departments of Pharmacology and Biological and Technological Research, Scientific Institute S. Raflaele, University of Milano, Milan, Italy of Biomedical for the Study of Mitochondrial I. Introduction: Overview ............................................................................... II. Calcium Uptake ....................................................................................... A. Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium pumps .................................................... B. Other mechanisms of calcium uptake ............................................................. III. Calcium Storage: Calsequestrins and Calreticulins .................................................. IV. Calcium Release ....................................................................................... A. Endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum channels: inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and ryanodine B. Other mechanisms of calcium release ............................................................ V. Cytology of Calcium Stores ........................................................................... A. Endoplasmic reticulum ............................................................................ B. Other cellular structures .......................................................................... VI. Functional Heterogeneity of Calcium Stores ......................................................... A. Rapidly exchanging calcium pools ................................................................ B. Slowly exchanging calcium pools ................................................................. VII. Appendix: Methods for In Situ Study of Organelle Calcium ......................................... A. Total calcium ...................................................................................... B. Free ionized calcium ............................................................................... I. INTRODUCTION: OVERVIEW receptors Calcium is the most abundant cation in vertebrates (20-30 g/kg body wt, in humans) (23). The largest part of body Ca” is trapped in bones, where it

Journal

Physiological ReviewsThe American Physiological Society

Published: Jul 1, 1994

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