Membrane currents evoked by excitatory amino acid agonists in ON bipolar cells of the mudpuppy retina

Membrane currents evoked by excitatory amino acid agonists in ON bipolar cells of the mudpuppy... Abstract 1. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were obtained from ON bipolar cells in a retinal slice preparation of the mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus. The effects of excitatory amino acid (EAA) agonists applied in the presence of cobalt (2-5 mM) were examined. 2. At the holding potential of -50 mV, L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutanoic acid (L-AP4, 5-10 microM) evoked an outward current accompanied by a conductance decrease. The zero current potential of the L-AP4-evoked current was near 0 mV independent of whether the intracellular Ringer solution contained CsCl or CsCH3SO4. The currents evoked by light were also accompanied by a conductance decrease and reversed near 0 mV. Replacing external sodium with choline or N-methyl-D-glucamine generated an outward current and suppressed the response to L-AP4. The response to L-AP4 was enhanced by removing extracellular calcium and suppressed by increasing extracellular calcium. These results indicate that L-AP4 closes nonspecific cation channels that are blocked by extracellular calcium. 3. In 2 mM cobalt, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA, 50-100 microM) evoked membrane currents that were accompanied by a conductance increase. AMPA-evoked currents exhibited a significant chloride dependence and were suppressed by gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) antagonists bicuculline and picrotoxin; a GABA uptake blocker, nipecotic acid; and a glycine antagonist, strychnine. AMPA-induced currents were virtually absent in the presence of 5 mM cobalt and nominally 0 mM extracellular calcium. These results indicate that the conductance increase induced by AMPA in the presence of 2 mM cobalt is largely the result of calcium-dependent synaptic inputs onto GABAA and glycine receptors of ON bipolar cells. 4. N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (250 microM) was ineffective when applied in the presence of 100 microM cadmium or 2 mM cobalt. 5. 1S,3R/1R,3S-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (100-200 microM) evoked an outward current accompanied by a conductance decrease and appears to be an agonist at the L-AP4 receptor. 6. The findings of this study suggest that the only type of EAA receptor in mudpuppy ON bipolar cells is the L-AP4 receptor and that L-AP4 receptor activation results in the closing of nonspecific cation channels that are blocked by extracellular calcium. Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neurophysiology The American Physiological Society

Membrane currents evoked by excitatory amino acid agonists in ON bipolar cells of the mudpuppy retina

Loading next page...
 
/lp/the-american-physiological-society/membrane-currents-evoked-by-excitatory-amino-acid-agonists-in-on-kYOGBgy59D
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract 1. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were obtained from ON bipolar cells in a retinal slice preparation of the mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus. The effects of excitatory amino acid (EAA) agonists applied in the presence of cobalt (2-5 mM) were examined. 2. At the holding potential of -50 mV, L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutanoic acid (L-AP4, 5-10 microM) evoked an outward current accompanied by a conductance decrease. The zero current potential of the L-AP4-evoked current was near 0 mV independent of whether the intracellular Ringer solution contained CsCl or CsCH3SO4. The currents evoked by light were also accompanied by a conductance decrease and reversed near 0 mV. Replacing external sodium with choline or N-methyl-D-glucamine generated an outward current and suppressed the response to L-AP4. The response to L-AP4 was enhanced by removing extracellular calcium and suppressed by increasing extracellular calcium. These results indicate that L-AP4 closes nonspecific cation channels that are blocked by extracellular calcium. 3. In 2 mM cobalt, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA, 50-100 microM) evoked membrane currents that were accompanied by a conductance increase. AMPA-evoked currents exhibited a significant chloride dependence and were suppressed by gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) antagonists bicuculline and picrotoxin; a GABA uptake blocker, nipecotic acid; and a glycine antagonist, strychnine. AMPA-induced currents were virtually absent in the presence of 5 mM cobalt and nominally 0 mM extracellular calcium. These results indicate that the conductance increase induced by AMPA in the presence of 2 mM cobalt is largely the result of calcium-dependent synaptic inputs onto GABAA and glycine receptors of ON bipolar cells. 4. N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (250 microM) was ineffective when applied in the presence of 100 microM cadmium or 2 mM cobalt. 5. 1S,3R/1R,3S-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (100-200 microM) evoked an outward current accompanied by a conductance decrease and appears to be an agonist at the L-AP4 receptor. 6. The findings of this study suggest that the only type of EAA receptor in mudpuppy ON bipolar cells is the L-AP4 receptor and that L-AP4 receptor activation results in the closing of nonspecific cation channels that are blocked by extracellular calcium. Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society

Journal

Journal of NeurophysiologyThe American Physiological Society

Published: Oct 1, 1993

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off