Inwardly rectifying potassium conductance can accelerate the hyperpolarizing response in retinal horizontal cells

Inwardly rectifying potassium conductance can accelerate the hyperpolarizing response in retinal... Abstract 1. We studied the activation properties and assessed the functional role of the inwardly rectifying potassium conductance (GK.IR) in acutely isolated retinal horizontal cells (HCs) with the use of the whole cell patch-clamp technique. 2. The potassium current mediated by GK.IR was isolated by the use of Cs+ or Ba2+ ions. This current was outward, although relatively small in amplitude, in the voltage range between the potassium equilibrium potential (EK) and 50-60 mV more positive. The current reversed its polarity at EK and became inward at potentials more negative than EK. When HCs were bathed in normal Ringer (EK = -90 mV), GK.IR began to active at about -30 mV, was 30-40% activated at the resting potential (-70 to -80 mV) and about fully activated at -130 mV. Thus a significant portion of the activation range of GK.IR overlaps the HC physiological response range (-20 to -80 mV). 3. GK.IR has a dramatic effect on the kinetics of membrane polarization. Blocking GK.IR with Cs+ or Ba2+ significantly slowed the rate of membrane hyperpolarization in response to a hyperpolarizing current ramp over the HC physiological response range. Blocking GK.IR also dramatically slowed the onset rate of a simulated light response generated by a brief break in a sustained glutamate puff. 4. These results suggest that GK.IR can enhance the temporal resolution of the HC by accelerating the onset rate of the hyperpolarizing light response. Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neurophysiology The American Physiological Society

Inwardly rectifying potassium conductance can accelerate the hyperpolarizing response in retinal horizontal cells

Journal of Neurophysiology, Volume 74 (6): 2258 – Dec 1, 1995

Loading next page...
 
/lp/the-american-physiological-society/inwardly-rectifying-potassium-conductance-can-accelerate-the-u1ZFOfPbnT
Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0022-3077
eISSN
1522-1598
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract 1. We studied the activation properties and assessed the functional role of the inwardly rectifying potassium conductance (GK.IR) in acutely isolated retinal horizontal cells (HCs) with the use of the whole cell patch-clamp technique. 2. The potassium current mediated by GK.IR was isolated by the use of Cs+ or Ba2+ ions. This current was outward, although relatively small in amplitude, in the voltage range between the potassium equilibrium potential (EK) and 50-60 mV more positive. The current reversed its polarity at EK and became inward at potentials more negative than EK. When HCs were bathed in normal Ringer (EK = -90 mV), GK.IR began to active at about -30 mV, was 30-40% activated at the resting potential (-70 to -80 mV) and about fully activated at -130 mV. Thus a significant portion of the activation range of GK.IR overlaps the HC physiological response range (-20 to -80 mV). 3. GK.IR has a dramatic effect on the kinetics of membrane polarization. Blocking GK.IR with Cs+ or Ba2+ significantly slowed the rate of membrane hyperpolarization in response to a hyperpolarizing current ramp over the HC physiological response range. Blocking GK.IR also dramatically slowed the onset rate of a simulated light response generated by a brief break in a sustained glutamate puff. 4. These results suggest that GK.IR can enhance the temporal resolution of the HC by accelerating the onset rate of the hyperpolarizing light response. Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society

Journal

Journal of NeurophysiologyThe American Physiological Society

Published: Dec 1, 1995

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off