“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Try 2 weeks free now

Indoxyl sulfate promotes vascular smooth muscle cell senescence with upregulation of p53, p21, and prelamin A through oxidative stress

We previously demonstrated that indoxyl sulfate (IS), a uremic toxin, induces aortic calcification in hypertensive rats and induces oxidative stress and the expression of osteoblast-specific proteins in vascular smooth muscle cells. This study aimed to clarify whether IS stimulates senescence of cultured human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and aorta in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rats and whether AST-120, an oral sorbent, prevents senescence of aorta in subtotally nephrectomized uremic rats. IS increased the mRNA expression of p53 and p21 in HASMCs, whereas it did not change that of p16 and retinoblastoma protein (pRb). The IS-induced expression of p53 and p21 was suppressed by N -acetylcysteine, an antioxidant. IS promoted protein expression of p53, p21, and senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) activity in HASMCs, and N -acetylcysteine and pifithrin-α, p -nitro, a p53 inhibitor, blocked these effects. IS upregulated prelamin A, a hallmark of vascular smooth muscle cell senescence, and downregulated FACE1/Zempste24 protein expression in HASMCs, and N -acetylcysteine suppressed these effects. Administration of IS to hypertensive rats increased expression of SA-β-gal, p53, p21, prelamin A, and oxidative stress markers such as 8-hydroxyl-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the cells embedded in the calcification area of arcuate aorta. Further, the uremic rat model showed positive staining for SA-β-gal, p53, p21, prelamin A, 8-OHdG, and MDA in the cells embedded in the calcification area of arcuate aorta, whereas AST-120 reduced the expression of these biomarkers. Taken together, IS accelerates vascular smooth muscle cell senescence with upregulation of p53, p21, and prelamin A and downregulation of FACE1 through oxidative stress. uremic toxin vascular smooth muscle cells Copyright © 2012 the American Physiological Society « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Published online before print May 2, 2012 , doi: 10.​1152/​ajpcell.​00329.​2011 Am J Physiol Cell Physiol July 15, 2012 vol. 303 no. 2 C126-C134 » Abstract Free Full Text Free to you Full Text (PDF) Free to you All Versions of this Article: ajpcell.00329.2011v1 303/2/C126 most recent Classifications Article Services Email this article to a friend Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Google Scholar Articles by Muteliefu, G. Articles by Niwa, T. PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Muteliefu, G. Articles by Niwa, T. Related Content Load related web page information Current Content July 15, 2012 Alert me to new issues of Am J Physiol Cell Physiol About the Journal Calls for Papers Information for Authors Submit a Manuscript Ethical Policies AuthorChoice PubMed Central Policy Reprints and Permissions Advertising Press Copyright © 2012 the American Physiological Society Print ISSN: 0363-6143 Online ISSN: 1522-1563 var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); try { var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-2924550-1"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); } catch(err) {} var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); try { var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-189672-30"); pageTracker._setDomainName(".physiology.org"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); } catch(err) {} http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png AJP - Cell Physiology The American Physiological Society

Loading next page...
 
/lp/the-american-physiological-society/indoxyl-sulfate-promotes-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-senescence-with-EtNJYAoIhT

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy unlimited access and
personalized recommendations from
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $40/month

Try 2 weeks free now

Explore the DeepDyve Library

How DeepDyve Works

Spend time researching, not time worrying you’re buying articles that might not be useful.

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Simple and Affordable Pricing

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime, with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$40/month

Best Deal — 25% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 25% off!
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$30/month
billed annually