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Hypothalamic Substrates of Reward

Hypothalamic Substrates of Reward JAMES The University CONTENTS OLDS of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan Appetitive Behavior Produced by Electric Stimulation .......................... Anatomical Locus ......................................................... Methods of Measurement. .................................................. Place-to-Place Behavior .................................................. ..................................... Operant Measures, “Self-Stimulation” Secondary Reinforcement ................................................ Comparison Techniques .................................................. Satiation Tests. ......................................................... Qualitative Observations ................................................. ....................................... Parameters of Stimulation Basic Drives .............................................................. Reinforcement Controlled by Drives ....................................... Elicited Drive Responses ................................................. ................................................... Punishment and Reward Escape Reactions ........................................................ Ambivalent Responses ................................................... Anatomical Relations of Punishment and Reward Systems .................... Interaction of Motive Systems. ............................................ Physiological Interactions. .................................................. Effects of CNS Damage .................................................. Electrophysiological Ramifications of the Stimulation ......................... Operant Conditioning of Unit Responses ................................... Autonomic Responses .................................................... .................................................. Psychological Interactions ................................................................ Arousal Arrest ................................................................. Perception ............................................................. .............................................................. Learning. Social Interaction ....................................................... Pharmacological Interactions ............................................... Effects of Drugs on Electric Stimulation .................................... Direct Chemical Stimulation .............................................. Speculations. ............................................................. Appetitive Behavior and the Olfactory Forebrain ............................ Appetitive Reactions and Drives. .......................................... .................................................. Mechanisms of Reward Summary.................................................................59 Conclusions .............................................................. Glossary ................................................................. . .......... .556 .556 .559 .559 .560 .56 I .56 I .562 .563 -564 ,566 ,566 .566 .567 .568 .568 .57 I -572 .573 .573 .575 .576 .57g .580 .580 .582 .582 .584 .584 .584 .588 ,592 .5g2 .592 .5g4 5 .597 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physiological Reviews The American Physiological Society

Hypothalamic Substrates of Reward

Physiological Reviews , Volume 42: 554 – Oct 1, 1962

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Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1962 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0031-9333
eISSN
1522-1210
Publisher site
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Abstract

JAMES The University CONTENTS OLDS of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan Appetitive Behavior Produced by Electric Stimulation .......................... Anatomical Locus ......................................................... Methods of Measurement. .................................................. Place-to-Place Behavior .................................................. ..................................... Operant Measures, “Self-Stimulation” Secondary Reinforcement ................................................ Comparison Techniques .................................................. Satiation Tests. ......................................................... Qualitative Observations ................................................. ....................................... Parameters of Stimulation Basic Drives .............................................................. Reinforcement Controlled by Drives ....................................... Elicited Drive Responses ................................................. ................................................... Punishment and Reward Escape Reactions ........................................................ Ambivalent Responses ................................................... Anatomical Relations of Punishment and Reward Systems .................... Interaction of Motive Systems. ............................................ Physiological Interactions. .................................................. Effects of CNS Damage .................................................. Electrophysiological Ramifications of the Stimulation ......................... Operant Conditioning of Unit Responses ................................... Autonomic Responses .................................................... .................................................. Psychological Interactions ................................................................ Arousal Arrest ................................................................. Perception ............................................................. .............................................................. Learning. Social Interaction ....................................................... Pharmacological Interactions ............................................... Effects of Drugs on Electric Stimulation .................................... Direct Chemical Stimulation .............................................. Speculations. ............................................................. Appetitive Behavior and the Olfactory Forebrain ............................ Appetitive Reactions and Drives. .......................................... .................................................. Mechanisms of Reward Summary.................................................................59 Conclusions .............................................................. Glossary ................................................................. . .......... .556 .556 .559 .559 .560 .56 I .56 I .562 .563 -564 ,566 ,566 .566 .567 .568 .568 .57 I -572 .573 .573 .575 .576 .57g .580 .580 .582 .582 .584 .584 .584 .588 ,592 .5g2 .592 .5g4 5 .597

Journal

Physiological ReviewsThe American Physiological Society

Published: Oct 1, 1962

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