Functional architecture of the mammalian retina

Functional architecture of the mammalian retina HEINZ W&SLE AND of the Mammalian BRIAN B. BOYCOTT Retina and Max-Planck-Institut fiir Hirnforschung, Neuroanatomie, Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany; Department of Anatomy, Guy’s Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. Introduction ......................................................................................... Retinal Topography ................................................................................. Photoreceptors and Spatial Sampling .............................................................. Horizontal Cells ..................................................................................... Bipolar Cells ......................................................................................... A. Cone bipolar cells and ON- and OFF-dichotomy of the retina ................................... B. Types of cone bipolar cells ....................................................................... C. Rod bipolar circuitry ............................................................................. Amacrine Cells ...................................................................................... A. Amacrine cell diversity .......................................................................... B. Glycinergic amacrine cells ....................................................................... C. Cholinergic amacrine cells and directional selectivity .......................................... D. y-Aminobutyric acid-ergic amacrine cells ...................................................... ...................................... E. Definition of amacrine cells and their functional polarity F. Conservation of amacrine cell shape ............................................................ .......................................................................... G. Amacrine cell coverage Ganglion Cells ....................................................................................... A. Physiological classes ............................................................................. B. Morphological classes ............................................................................ C. Stratification of ganglion cell dendrites ......................................................... D. Ganglion cell coverage ........................................................................... ..................................................................... E. Ganglion cell microcircuitry Ganglion Cell Function .............................................................................. A. Spatial resolution ................................................................................ ............................................................................... B. Stimulus detection ........................................ C. Ganglion cell density and cortical magnification factor I. INTRODUCTION Neuroanatomic studies of the mammalian retina have the invaluable advantage that, as difficulties arise in the functional classification of a http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physiological Reviews The American Physiological Society

Functional architecture of the mammalian retina

Physiological Reviews, Volume 71: 447 – Apr 1, 1991

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The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0031-9333
eISSN
1522-1210
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Abstract

HEINZ W&SLE AND of the Mammalian BRIAN B. BOYCOTT Retina and Max-Planck-Institut fiir Hirnforschung, Neuroanatomie, Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany; Department of Anatomy, Guy’s Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. Introduction ......................................................................................... Retinal Topography ................................................................................. Photoreceptors and Spatial Sampling .............................................................. Horizontal Cells ..................................................................................... Bipolar Cells ......................................................................................... A. Cone bipolar cells and ON- and OFF-dichotomy of the retina ................................... B. Types of cone bipolar cells ....................................................................... C. Rod bipolar circuitry ............................................................................. Amacrine Cells ...................................................................................... A. Amacrine cell diversity .......................................................................... B. Glycinergic amacrine cells ....................................................................... C. Cholinergic amacrine cells and directional selectivity .......................................... D. y-Aminobutyric acid-ergic amacrine cells ...................................................... ...................................... E. Definition of amacrine cells and their functional polarity F. Conservation of amacrine cell shape ............................................................ .......................................................................... G. Amacrine cell coverage Ganglion Cells ....................................................................................... A. Physiological classes ............................................................................. B. Morphological classes ............................................................................ C. Stratification of ganglion cell dendrites ......................................................... D. Ganglion cell coverage ........................................................................... ..................................................................... E. Ganglion cell microcircuitry Ganglion Cell Function .............................................................................. A. Spatial resolution ................................................................................ ............................................................................... B. Stimulus detection ........................................ C. Ganglion cell density and cortical magnification factor I. INTRODUCTION Neuroanatomic studies of the mammalian retina have the invaluable advantage that, as difficulties arise in the functional classification of a

Journal

Physiological ReviewsThe American Physiological Society

Published: Apr 1, 1991

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