Eve - 1874 EâEKRIKR (4) elicited conjugate contralateral eye in the monkey by stimulating the cortical area now known as the eye (Rrodmannâs area 8). The many subsequent studies of this phenomenon have been reviewed by Smith (22) in 1949 Crosby, Yoss, Henderson (3) in 1952. The usual response to electrical stimulation was a slow rotation of both eyes to the opposite side with an occasional up or down component. Other types of that have been observed are centering (l), vergence (3), nystagmus (22). Several cortical maps showed areas on the cortex where these various types of could be produced but there was little agreement among them. Most of these studies suffered from three limitations: 1,) the animals were under light anesthesia which is known to affect the ; 2) stimulus intensity was usually unreported, ?) eye were not objectively recorded. In 1958 Krieger, Wagman, Bender (10) reported the effects of anesthesia on cortically evoked eye . Although they did not record eye , they reported (24) that stimulation of the eye of the unanesthetized monkey usually produced the rapid eye called saccades. In 1966 we developed a method for accurately recording vertical horizontal eye movement chronically in
Journal of Neurophysiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: Sep 1, 1969
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