Epinephrine inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle glucose transport

Epinephrine inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle glucose transport Abstract We recently demonstrated that epinephrine could inhibit the activation by insulin of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1)-associated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) in skeletal muscle (Hunt DG, Zhenping D, and Ivy JL. J Appl Physiol 92: 1285–1292, 2002). Activation of PI3-kinase is recognized as an essential step in the activation of muscle glucose transport by insulin. We therefore investigated the effect of epinephrine on insulin-stimulated glucose transport in both fast-twitch (epitrochlearis) and slow-twitch (soleus) muscle of the rat by using an isolated muscle preparation. Glucose transport was significantly increased in the epitrochlearis and soleus when incubated in 50 and 100 μU/ml insulin, respectively. Activation of glucose transport by 50 μU/ml insulin was inhibited by 24 nM epinephrine in both muscle types. This inhibition of glucose transport by epinephrine was accompanied by suppression of IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activation. However, when muscles were incubated in 100 μU/ml insulin, 24 nM epinephrine was unable to inhibit IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activation or glucose transport. Even when epinephrine concentration was increased to 500 nM, no attenuating effect was observed on glucose transport. Results of this study indicate that epinephrine is capable of inhibiting glucose transport activated by a moderate, but not a high, physiological insulin concentration. The inhibition of glucose transport by epinephrine appears to involve the inhibition of IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activation. phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase β-adrenergic receptor insulin receptor insulin receptor substrate-1 Footnotes Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: J. L. Ivy, Dept. of Kinesiology and Health Education, Bellmont Hall 222, Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (E-mail: johnivy@mail.utexas.edu ). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “ advertisement ” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact. August 2, 2002;10.1152/japplphysiol.00445.2002 Copyright © 2002 the American Physiological Society http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Applied Physiology The American Physiological Society

Epinephrine inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle glucose transport

Journal of Applied Physiology, Volume 93 (5): 1638 – Nov 1, 2002

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Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
8750-7587
eISSN
1522-1601
DOI
10.1152/japplphysiol.00445.2002
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract We recently demonstrated that epinephrine could inhibit the activation by insulin of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1)-associated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) in skeletal muscle (Hunt DG, Zhenping D, and Ivy JL. J Appl Physiol 92: 1285–1292, 2002). Activation of PI3-kinase is recognized as an essential step in the activation of muscle glucose transport by insulin. We therefore investigated the effect of epinephrine on insulin-stimulated glucose transport in both fast-twitch (epitrochlearis) and slow-twitch (soleus) muscle of the rat by using an isolated muscle preparation. Glucose transport was significantly increased in the epitrochlearis and soleus when incubated in 50 and 100 μU/ml insulin, respectively. Activation of glucose transport by 50 μU/ml insulin was inhibited by 24 nM epinephrine in both muscle types. This inhibition of glucose transport by epinephrine was accompanied by suppression of IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activation. However, when muscles were incubated in 100 μU/ml insulin, 24 nM epinephrine was unable to inhibit IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activation or glucose transport. Even when epinephrine concentration was increased to 500 nM, no attenuating effect was observed on glucose transport. Results of this study indicate that epinephrine is capable of inhibiting glucose transport activated by a moderate, but not a high, physiological insulin concentration. The inhibition of glucose transport by epinephrine appears to involve the inhibition of IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activation. phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase β-adrenergic receptor insulin receptor insulin receptor substrate-1 Footnotes Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: J. L. Ivy, Dept. of Kinesiology and Health Education, Bellmont Hall 222, Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (E-mail: johnivy@mail.utexas.edu ). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “ advertisement ” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact. August 2, 2002;10.1152/japplphysiol.00445.2002 Copyright © 2002 the American Physiological Society

Journal

Journal of Applied PhysiologyThe American Physiological Society

Published: Nov 1, 2002

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