Abstract 1. Using the whole cell patch clamp method, we investigated the effect of dopamine on a hyperpolarization-activated current (Ih) in the inner segments of rod photoreceptors of the Xenopus retina. 2. Ih was elicited by hyperpolarizing voltage steps to -120 mV from a holding potential of -40 mV. Dopamine reversibly reduced Ih in a dose-dependent manner. Dopamine-mediated inhibition of Ih was blocked by the D2 dopamine antagonist sulpiride. 3. The D2 dopamine agonist quinpirole (0.1-20 microM) inhibited Ih whereas the D1 agonist SKF-38393 (100 microM) had no effect on Ih. Quinpirole-induced inhibition of Ih was blocked by sulpiride, but not by the D4 antagonist, clozapine. The D3 agonists (+/-)-7-hydroxy-2-dipropylaminotetralin hydrochloride and trans-7-hydroxy-2N-propyl-N-(3'-iodo-2'-propenyl)amino-tetralin maleate were, respectively, 5 and 100 times less effective than quinpirole in inhibiting Ih. 4. Quinpirole failed to reduce Ih when the internal solution contained GDP beta S (500 microM). Internal application GTP gamma S (300 microM) progressively and irreversibly reduced Ih and blocked a further reduction by quinpirole, indicating that the inhibition of Ih by quinpirole involves a G protein. 5. The inhibition of Ih by quinpirole was not affected by intracellularly applied adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) or by the protein kinase inhibitor H-7, indicating that a cAMP-mediated second messenger cascade does not participate in the dopamine-mediated inhibition. 6. Ih was not altered when the patch pipette contained a nominally Ca(2+)-free internal solution, but the inhibition of Ih by quinpirole was abolished, suggesting an involvement of Ca(2+) in the quinpirole-induced effect. 7. We conclude that a D2 dopamine receptor modulates Ih through the activation of a G protein and that intracellular Ca2+, but not cAMP, plays a key role in this process. 8. The reduction of Ih by dopamine may reduce the ability of rods to signal time-modulated light stimuli. Copyright © 1996 the American Physiological Society
Journal of Neurophysiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: Sep 1, 1996
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